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ⓘ Bibliography of Thomas Jefferson. This Bibliography of Thomas Jefferson is a comprehensive list of published works about Thomas Jefferson, the primary author of ..



Bibliography of Thomas Jefferson
                                     

ⓘ Bibliography of Thomas Jefferson

This Bibliography of Thomas Jefferson is a comprehensive list of published works about Thomas Jefferson, the primary author of the Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States. Biographical and political accounts for Jefferson now span across three centuries. Up until 1851, virtually all biographical accounts for Jefferson relied on general and common knowledge gained from official records and public writings and newspapers. It wasnt until Henry S. Randall, the first historian allowed to interview Jeffersons family, giving him access to family letters and records, did biographies of Jefferson take on a more intimate perspective. Randall wrote a three-volume biography which set the premise for many biographies that followed.

Before Randall, George Tucker produced his two-volume 1837 account of Jefferson which offered a glint of insight into Jeffersons personal life. Following Jeffersons death he was roundly criticized by the Christian Clergy for his Bible and other writings. Tucker was the first notable historian to explore Jeffersons religious life from a biographical perspective. Though scrutinized by some historians before, during the 1960s civil rights era, historians, many of them with political and social motivations, began criticizing Jefferson for owning slaves and his racial views. While some of their accounts were unforgiving with their often selective points of view, others have noted that Jefferson, while owning slaves and reluctant to release them into freedom unprepared, was among the first of his time to advance the idea of equality and freedom for the African descendants enslaved in the new world. Many of the older biographical works are now in the public domain and often available online in their entirety in the form of e-books, while later publications whose copyrights are still valid can often be partially viewed on the internet.

                                     

1. Jefferson overview

Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, at Shadwell, a plantation on a large tract of land near present-day Charlottesville, Virginia. His father, Peter Jefferson 1707/08-57, was a successful planter and surveyor and his mother, Jane Randolph Jefferson 1720–76, came from a prominent Virginia family. Thomas was their third child and eldest son; he had six sisters and one surviving brother.

In 1762, Jefferson graduated from the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, where he reportedly enjoyed studying for 15 hours then practicing violin for several more hours on a daily basis. He went on to study law under the tutelage of a respected Virginia attorney there were no official law schools in America at the time, and began working as a lawyer in 1767. As a member of colonial Virginias House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775, Jefferson, who was known for his reserved manner, gained recognition for penning a pamphlet," A Summary View of the Rights of British America” 1774, which declared that the British Parliament had no right to exercise authority over the American colonies.

                                     

2. Bibliography

  • Fitzgerald, Carol B. 1991. Thomas Jefferson: A Bibliography Mecklers Bibliographies of the presidents of the U.S. 400 pages; ISBN 978-0-88736-117-3; Book
  • Johnston, Richard Holland 1905. A Contribution to a Bibliography of Thomas Jefferson, Library of Congress, 73 pages; e-Book
  • Clements, William L. 1943. Thomas Jefferson, 1743–1943: A Guide to the Rare Books, Maps & Manuscripts Exhibited at the University of Michigan, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, 32 pages; Book
  • Shuffleton, Frank 1983. Thomas Jefferson: A Comprehensive, Annotated Bibliography of Writings about Him, 1826–1980, 486 pages and Thomas Jefferson, 1981–1990: An Annotated Bibliography New York: Garland Pub., 1992 283 pages; ISBN 0824090780
                                     

2.1. Bibliography Biographical

  • Dwight, Theodore 1839. The character of Thomas Jefferson, as exhibited in his own writings, Weeks, Jordan & Company, Boston, 371 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Cogliano, Francis D. 2011. A Companion to Thomas Jefferson, John Wiley & Sons, 608 pages; ISBN 978-1-4443-4461-5; Book
  • - - ; Isenberg, Nancy 2010. Madison and Jefferson, Random House LLC, 809 pages; ISBN 978-0-679-60410-5; Book
  • Curtis, William Eleroy 1901. The True Thomas Jefferson, J.B. Lippincott, 395 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • - - 2013. Long Journey with Mr. Jefferson: The Life of Dumas Malone. Potomac Books, Inc. ISBN 978-1-6123-4198-9.
  • Davis, Thomas Jefferson 1876. A Sketch of the Life, Character, and Public Services of Thomas Jefferson, Claxton, Remsen & Haffelfinger, 167 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Hitchens, Christopher 2005. Thomas Jefferson: Author of America, HarperCollins, 208 pages; ISBN 978-0-06-175397-8; Book
  • Bottorff, William K. 1979. Thomas Jefferson, Twayne Publishers, 162 pages; ISBN 978-0-8057-7260-9; Book
  • - - 2001. The Inaugural Addresses of President Thomas Jefferson, 1801 And 1805, University of Missouri Press, 122 pages; ISBN 978-0-8262-6406-0; Book
  • Linn, William 1843. The Life of Thomas Jefferson: Author of the Declaration of Independence, and Third President of the United States, Andrus, Woodruff, & Gauntlett, 267 pages; eBook
  • Kaplan, Lawrence S. 1999. Thomas Jefferson: Westward the Course of Empire, Rowman & Littlefield, 198 pages; ISBN 978-0-8420-2630-7; Book
  • Kimball, Marie 2007. Jefferson – The Scene of Europe 1784 to 1789, Read Books, 388 pages; ISBN 978-1-4067-2338-0; Book
  • Kranish, Michael 2010. Flight from Monticello: Thomas Jefferson at War, Oxford University Press, 400 pages; ISBN 978-0-19-974590-6; Book
  • Bober, Natalie 2008. Thomas Jefferson: Draftsman of a Nation, University of Virginia Press, 360 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2732-9; Book
  • - - 2005. Jeffersons Secrets: Death and Desire at Monticello, Basic Books, New York, 351 pages; ISBN 978-0-465-00813-1, Book
  • Craughwell, Thomas J. Twilight at Monticello, Random House, New York, 322 pages; Book
  • Boles, John B. 2010. Seeing Jefferson Anew: In His Time and Ours, University of Virginia Press; 224 pages ISBN 978-0-8139-2997-2, Book
  • Gilpin, Henry Dilworth 1828. A biographical sketch of Thomas Jefferson, 372 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Bernstein, Richard. B. 2003. Thomas Jefferson, Oxford University Press, 288 pages; Book
  • Lyman, T.P.H. 1826. The life of Thomas Jefferson: esq., LL. D., late ex president of the United, D & S Neall, Philadelphia, 111 pages; eBook
  • Burke, Rick 2002. Thomas Jefferson, Capstone Classroom, 32 pages; Book
  • Fleming, Thomas J. 1969. The Man from Monticello: An Intimate Life of Thomas Jefferson, William Morrow, Publisher, 409 pages; Book
  • Hyland, William G. 2009. In Defense of Thomas Jefferson: The Sally Hemings Sex Scandal. Thomas Dunne Books, 320 pages. ISBN 978-0-312-56100-0., Book
  • Halliday, E. M. 2009. Understanding Thomas Jefferson, Perennial Harper Collins, New York, 304 pages; ISBN 978-0-06-175546-0; Book
  • Hazelton, Mary; Wade, Blanchard 1930. The Boy who Loved Freedom: The Story of Thomas Jefferson, D. Appleton, 234 pages; Book
  • - - 1945. The Young Jefferson 1743–1789, Houghton Mifflin Company, 544 pages; eBook
  • Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time, 6 vols. 1948–82, Little Brown and Company, Boston; Six-volume biography of Thomas Jefferson by leading expert; the major scholarly study; Pulitzer Prize; A short version is online
  • Adams, James Truslow 1936. The Living Jefferson, C. Scribners Sons, 403 pages; Book
  • Bear, James Adam 1967. Jefferson at Monticello, University of Virginia Press, 144 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-0022-3, Book
  • Gabler, James M. 1995. Passions: The Wines and Travels of Thomas Jefferson. Bacchus Press Ltd, Publisher. 318 pages;
  • Judson, Clara Ingram 1952. Thomas Jefferson, champion of the people, Wilcox and Follett Co., 224 pages; Book
  • - - 2017. Jefferson: Architect of American Liberty. Basic Books, 640 pages. ISBN 978-0-4650-9468-4.
  • Ellis, Joseph 1998. American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson, Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 464 pages Book
  • Lisitzky, Gene 1933. Thomas Jefferson, The Viking Press, 356 pages; Book
  • Cunningham, Noble E. 1988. In Pursuit of Reason, Random House Publishing Group, 414 pages; Book; well-reviewed short biography
  • Browne, Stephen H. 2003. Jeffersons Call for Nationhood: The First Inaugural Address, Texas A&M University Press, 155 pages; ISBN 978-1-58544-252-2; Book
  • Bowers, Claude Gernade; Franklin, Francis; Browder, Earl 1943. The Heritage of Jefferson. New York: Workers School.
  • Holowchak, Mark 2013. Framing a Legend: Exposing the Distorted History of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings. Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1-6161-4729-7.
  • Langhorne, Elizabeth Coles 1987. Monticello, a Family Story, Algonquin Books, 289 pages; ISBN 978-0-912697-58-1; Book
  • Brodie, Fawn McKay 1974. Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History, W.W. Norton, 594 pages; Book
  • Gordon-Reed, Annette 2008. The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family, W. W. Norton & Company 798 pages; Book
  • - - ; Nichols, Frederick Doveton; Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, Inc. 1967. Monticello, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 77 pages; Book
  • Ellis, Edward Sylvester 1898. Thomas Jefferson: a character sketch, The University association, 112 pages; eBook
  • Hayes, Kevin J. 2008. The Road to Monticello: The Life and Mind of Thomas Jefferson, Oxford University Press, 752 pages; ISBN 978-0-19-975848-7; Book
  • Jefferson Club Association 1902. The Pilgrimage to Monticello: The Home and Tomb of Thomas Jefferson, Con. P. Curran Printing Company. Monticello, Virginia; 78 pages; eBook
  • Appleby, Joyce 2003. Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson: The American presidents Series: The 3rd President, 1801–1809, Macmillan, 184 pages; Book
  • Johnston, Johanna 1961. Thomas Jefferson: his many talents, Dodd, Mead, Publishers, 160 pages; Book
  • Jones, Veda Boyd 2000. Thomas Jefferson: Author of the Declaration of Independence, Facts On File, Incorporated, 80 pages; ISBN 978-0-7910-5353-9; Book
  • Brown, Stuart Gerry 1963 Thomas Jefferson, Washington Square Press, 247 pages; Book
  • - - 1943. Jefferson: The Road to Glory, 1743 to 1776, Coward-McCann, Incorporated, 358 pages; Book
  • Burstein, Andrew 1995. The Inner Jefferson: Portrait of a Grieving Optimist, University Press of Virginia, 334 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-1720-7; Book
  • Catlett, Lowell B. 2004. Thomas Jefferson: A Free Mind, Trafford Publishing, 164 pages; ISBN 978-1-4120-2209-5; Book
  • Kuper, Theodore Fred 1968. Thomas Jefferson Still Lives, Arthur Price Foundation, 32 pages; Book
  • Koch, Adrienne 1971. Jefferson, Prentice-Hall, 180 pages; Book
  • Brown, David Scott 1998. Thomas Jefferson: A Biographical Companion, Abc-Clio Incorporated, 266 pages; ISBN 978-0-87436-949-6; Book
  • Jefferson and his time: The Sage of Monticello 1981. 551 pages; Book
  • Jefferson the President: Second Term, 1805–1809 1974. 704 pages, Book
  • Jefferson and the Ordeal of Liberty 1962. 545 pages; Book, eBooks
  • Jefferson and the Rights of Man 1951. eBook text, eBooks
  • Jefferson the President: First Term, 1801–1805 1970. Book
  • Jefferson the Virginian 1948, 413 pages; eBook
  • Mclean, Dabney N. 1996. The English ancestry of Thomas Jefferson, Clearfield, ISBN 978-0-8063-4608-3; 84 pages; Book
  • Onuf, Peter 2007. The Mind of Thomas Jefferson, University of Virginia Press, 281 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2611-7; Book
  • McEwan, Barbara 1991. Thomas Jefferson, Farmer, McFarland, 219 pages; ISBN 978-0-89950-633-3; Book
  • - - 2016. Most Blessed of the Patriarchs": Thomas Jefferson and the Empire of the Imagination", W. W. Norton & Company, ISBN 978-1-6314-9078-1 Book
  • Mapp, Alf 1987. Thomas Jefferson: A Strange Case of Mistaken Identity, Madison Books, 487 pages; ISBN 9780819157829 Book
  • Mclaughlin, Jack 1990 Jefferson and Monticello: The Biography of a Builder, Macmillan, 496 pages; ISBN 978-0-8050-1463-1 Url
  • Meacham, Jon 2012. Thomas Jefferson: The Art of Power, Random House LLC, 764 pages, Book
  • - - 1963. Thomas Jefferson as Political Leader, University of California Press, 75 pages; Book
  • Pettengill, Samuel B. 2007. Jefferson – The Forgotten Man, Read Books, 316 pages; ISBN 978-1-4067-2345-8; Book
  • Meltzer, Milton 1991. Thomas Jefferson, the Revolutionary Aristocrat, F. Watts, 255 pages; ISBN 978-0-531-11069-0; Book
  • Muzzey, David Saville 1918. Thomas Jefferson, C. Scribners Sons, New York, 319 pages; Ebook1, Ebook2
  • Passos, John Dos 1954. The Head and Heart of Thomas Jefferson, Doubleday, Incorporated, 442 pages; Book
  • Mayo, Bernard 1970. Jefferson Himself: The Personal Narrative of a Many-Sided American, University of Virginia Press, 384 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-0310-1; Book
  • Merwin, Henry Childs 1901. Thomas Jefferson, Houghton, Mifflin, 164 pages; Ebook
  • Mullin, Rita Thievon 2007. Thomas Jefferson: Architect of Freedom, Sterling Publishing Company, 124 pages; ISBN 978-1-4027-3397-0 ; Book
  • Patterson, Charles 2000. Thomas Jefferson, iUniverse, 108 pages; ISBN 978-0-595-09589-6; Book
  • - - ed. 1986. Thomas Jefferson: A Reference Biography: 24 essays by leading scholars on aspects of Jeffersons career.
  • Mayer, David 2008. "Jefferson, Thomas 1743–1826". In Hamowy, Ronald ed. The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE; Cato Institute. pp. 262–63. doi:10.4135/9781412965811.n158. ISBN 978-1412965804. LCCN 2008009151. OCLC 750831024.
  • Morse, John Torrey, Jr. 1885. Thomas Jefferson, Houghton, Mifflin and Company, Boston, 344 pages; Ebook1, Ebook2
  • - - 2009. Thomas Jefferson: Passionate Pilgrim, Rowman & Littlefield, 445 pages; ISBN 978-0-7425-6440-4; Book
  • - - 1961. Dictionary of American Biography, Vol V, Thomas Jefferson, Charles Scribners Sons, New York eBook
  • Phillips, Kevin 2012. 1775 – A Good Year for Revolution, Viking Press, 628 pages; ISBN 978-0-670-02512-1
  • Pierson, Rev. Hamilton W. 1862. Jefferson at Monticello. The Private Life of Thomas Jefferson". from entirely new Materials with numerous facsimiles, Charles Scribner, New York; Original from the University of Michigan, 138 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Parton, James 1883. Life of Thomas Jefferson, Third President of the United States, Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 764 pages; Ebook
  • Peterson, Merrill D. 1970. Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation, A standard scholarly biography; Oxford University Press, 1104 pages; Book.
  • Randall, Henry Stephens 1858. The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Volume I, Derby & Jackson, New York, 645 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • - - 1858. The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Volume III, Derby & Jackson, New York, 731 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • - - 1858. The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Volume II, Derby & Jackson, New York, 694 pages; eBook, eBook2
  • Sistine, Johathan 2016. Thomas Jefferson: The Failures and Greatness of an Ordinary Man. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1-5238-3448-8.
  • Wilstach, Paul 1925. Jefferson and Monticello, Doubleday, New York, 258 pages; eBook
  • Sheean, Vicent 1953. Thomas Jefferson: father of democracy, New York: Random House, 184 pages; Book1, Ebook2
  • Reef, Catherine 1991. Monticello, Dillon Press, 71 pages; ISBN 978-0-87518-472-2; Book
  • Russell, Phillips 1956. Jefferson, champion of the free mind, Dodd, Mead, 374 pages; Book
  • Reed, Annette Gordon; Onuf, Peter S. 2016. "Most Blessed of the Patriarchs": Thomas Jefferson and the Empire of the Imagination ; Liveright Publishers, ISBN 978-0871404428 Book
  • Schouler, James 1882. History of the United States of America Under the Constitution, Volume 2, William H. Morrison, New York, 472 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • - - 1903. The life and times of Thomas Jefferson, D. Appleton and company, New York, 534 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Tucker, George 1837. The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Third President of the United States, in two volumes; Carey, Lea & Blanchard, Philadelphia, 537 and 545 pages respectively; eBook, Vol.1, Vol.2
  • - - 1838. Defense of the character of Thomas Jefferson, against a writer in the New-York review, New-York, W. Osborn, 48 pages; eBook
  • Shuffelton, Frank 2012. The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Jefferson, Cambridge University Press, 212 pages; ISBN 978-0-521-86731-3; Book
  • Santrey, Laurence 1985. Thomas Jefferson, Troll Associates, 30 pages; ISBN 978-0-8167-0176-6; Book
  • Scharff, Virginia 2010. The Women Jefferson Loved, HarperCollins, 496 pages; ISBN 978-0-06-201873-1; Book
  • Watson, Thomas E. 1900. Thomas Jefferson, Small, Maynard & company, Boston, 153 pages; eBook1,eBook2
  • Thomas Jefferson Bicentennial Commission 1943. Thomas Jefferson, author of the declaration of American independence, Thomas Jefferson Bicentennial Commission, 35 pages; Book
  • Simpson, Stephen 1833. The lives of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, H. Young, 389 pages; eBook
  • Schachner, Nathan 1957. Thomas Jefferson: A Biography 2 volumes, T. Yoseloff, 1070 pages, Book
  • Rosenberger, Francis Coleman 1953. Jefferson Reader: A Treasury of Writings about Thomas Jefferson, E. P. Dutton, 349 pages; Book, eBook
  • Schmucker, Samuel Mosheim; Ketcham, Henry 1903. The Life of Thomas Jefferson, A. L. Burt company, New York, 345 pages; eBook
  • Simpson, Lloyd D. 1885. Notes on Thomas Jefferson, Sherman & Co., Printers, 182 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Webster, Nathan Burnham 1890. Thomas Jefferson, J. B. Lippincott Company, 7 pages; eBook
  • Wiencek, Henry 2012. Master of the Mountain, Macmillan, 336 pages; ISBN 978-0-374-29956-9; Book
  • Smucker, Samuel Mosheim 1857. The life and times of Thomas Jefferson, Evans, 400 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Stone, Eugene E. 1922. The story of Thomas Jefferson, Barse & Hopkins, 174 pages; eBook
  • Smith, Page 1976. Jefferson: a revealing biography, American Heritage Publishing Company / McGraw-Hill, 310 pages; Book
  • Salgo, Sandor 2000. Thomas Jefferson: Musician and Violinist, A book detailing Thomas Jeffersons love of music, Thomas Jefferson Foundation, 75 pages; ISBN 978-1-882886-12-8; Book
  • Rhodes, Thomas L.; Lord, Frank B. 1947. The story of Monticello, The Pridemark Press, 94 pages; Book
  • Rayner, B. L. 1832. Sketches of the life, writings, and opinions of Thomas Jefferson, A. Francis and W. Boardman, 556 pages; eBook
  • Trueit, Trudi Strain 2009. Thomas Jefferson, Marshall Cavendish, 112 pages; ISBN 978-0-7614-4667-5; Book
  • - - 1893. Thomas Jefferson, Dodd, Mead, New York, 252 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Randall, Willard Sterne 1994. Thomas Jefferson: A Life, Harper Collins, 736 pages; ISBN 0-06-097617-9. Book; popular biography
  • Wibberley, Leonard 1963. Man of Liberty: A Life of Thomas Jefferson, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 404 pages; ISBN 978-0-374-34752-9; eBook1, eBook2
  • Wilbur, Marguerite Eyer 1962. Thomas Jefferson, apostle of liberty, Liveright Pub. Corp., 417 pages; Book
  • Schachner, Nathan 1951. Thomas Jefferson: A Biography, Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1070 pages; Book
  • Staloff, Darren 2007. Hamilton, Adams, Jefferson: The Politics of Enlightenment and the American Founding, Macmillan, 432 pages; Book
  • Stein, Susan 1993. The worlds of Thomas Jefferson at Monticello, H.N. Abrams, in association with the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, Inc., 472 pages; Book


                                     

2.2. Bibliography Declaration of Independence

  • Wills, Garry 2002. Inventing America: Jeffersons Declaration of Independence, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 398 pages; ISBN 978-0-618-25776-8; Book
  • Friedenwald, Herbert 1904. The Declaration of Independence: An Interpretation and an Analysis, Macmillan, 299 pages; eBook
  • Allen, Danielle 2014. Our Declaration, Liveright Publishing Corporation, New York / London, 317 pages; ISBN 978-0-87140-690-3
  • Jayne, Allen 2000. Jeffersons Declaration of Independence: Origins, Philosophy and Theology ; traces TJs sources and emphasizes his incorporation of Deist theology into the Declaration.
  • Maier, Pauline 2013. American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence, Random House LLC, 336 pages; ISBN 978-0-307-79195-5; Book
  • Kaminski, John P. 1995. A Necessary Evil?: Slavery and the Debate Over the Constitution, Rowman & Littlefield, 289 pages; ISBN 978-0-945612-16-2; Book
  • Malone, Dumas 1954. The Story of the Declaration of Independence, Oxford University Press, 282 pages; Book
  • Perrault, John 2009. Jeffersons dream: the ballad of the Declaration of Independence Hobblebush Books, 80 pages; ISBN 978-0-9801672-7-6; Book
  • Michael, William Henry 1904. The Declaration of Independence, U.S. Government Printing Office, 99 pages; Ebook1, eBook2
  • Donaldson, Thomas 1898. The house in which Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. Avil Printing Co., Philadelphia, 119 pages; eBook
  • Hawke, David Freeman 1976. Honorable treason: the Declaration of Independence and the men who signed it, Viking Press, 240 pages; Book
  • Hazelton, John Hampden 1906. The Declaration of Independence: Its History, Dodd, Mead, New York; 627 pages; eBook
  • Casey, Robert E. 1927. The Declaration of independence: illustrated story of its adoption, with the biographies., Illustrated Publishers, 192 pages; eBook
  • Bergen, Frank 1898. The Other Side of the Declaration of Independence: A Lecture, Elizabeth Journal Print, 45 pages; eBook
  • Armitage, David 2007. The Declaration of Independence: A Global History, Harvard University Press, 300 pages; ISBN 978-0-674-02282-9; Book
  • Becker, Carl 1970. The Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas, Vintage Books, ISBN 978-0-394-70060-1; eBook
  • Corn, Ira G. 1977. The story of the Declaration of Independence, Corwin Books, 228 pages; ISBN 978-0-89474-010-7; Book
  • Thacher, John Boyd 1907. The Declaration of Independence, The North American Review, eBook
  • Dershowitz, Alan 2003. America Declares Independence, Wiley, 196 pages; ISBN 978-0-471-26482-8; Book
  • Boyd, Julian P.; Gawalt, Gerard W. 1999. The Declaration of Independence: The Evolution of the Text, University Press of New England, ISBN 978-0-8444-0980-1, Book
  • Fliegelman, Jay 1993. Declaring Independence: Jefferson, Natural Language & the Culture of Performance, Stanford University Press, 268 pages; ISBN 978-0-8047-2076-2; Book
  • Lossing, Benson John 2012. Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, Tales End Press; ISBN 978-1-62358-017-9; Book
  • Buchanan, Roberdeau 1890. Observations on the Declaration of Independence: with a critical examination of the facts attending its attestation, Inquirer Printing Company, Lancaster, Pa. 20 pages; eBook
                                     

2.3. Bibliography Politics and ideas

  • Ackerman, Bruce 2009. The Failure of the Founding Fathers: Jefferson, Marshall, and the Rise of Presidential Democracy, Harvard University Press, 400 pages; Book
  • Adair, Douglass; Yellin, Mark E. Ed. 2000. The Intellectual Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy: Republicanism, the Class Struggle, and the Virtuous Farmer, Lexington Books, 185 pages; ISBN 978-0-7391-0125-4; Book
  • Adams, Henry 1889. History of the United States of America during the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson 1889–1891, Charles Scribners Sons; Library of America edition 1986 famous 9-volume history; eBook
  • - - 1890. History of the United States of America during the second administration of Thomas Jefferson, vol.iv, Charles Scribners Sons, New York, 502 pages, Ebook
  • - - 1889. History of the United States of America during the second administration of Thomas Jefferson, vol.iii, Charles Scribners Sons, New York, 471 pages, Ebook
  • - - 1889. History of the United States of America during the administration of Thomas Jefferson, vol.ii, Charles Scribners Sons, New York, 456 pages, Ebook
  • - - 1947. The formative years: a history of the United States during the administrations of Jefferson and Madison, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1067 pages; Book, Ebook
  • - - 1891. History of the United States of America during the administration of Thomas Jefferson, vol.i, Charles Scribners Sons, New York, 456 pages, Ebook1, Ebook2
  • - - 2005. Young Patriots: The Remarkable Story of Two Men, Their Impossible Plan, and the Revolution that Created the Constitution, Sourcebooks, Inc., 354 pages; ISBN 978-1-4022-2472-0; Book
  • - - 1995. Jefferson and Madison: Three Conversations from the Founding, Rowman & Littlefield, 256 pages; ISBN 978-0-945612-48-3; Book
  • Clark, Allen Culling 1905. William Duane, Press of W.F. Roberts Company, 70 pages; eBook
  • Dethloff, Henry C. 1971. Thomas Jefferson and American democracy, D. C. Heath, 209 pages; ISBN 978-0-669-73544-4; Book
  • Merwin, Henry Childs 1899. Aaron Burr, Small, Maynard, Boston, 150 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Brown, Stuart Gerry 1954. The First Republicans: Political Philosophy and Public Policy in the Party of Jefferson and Madison, Book
  • Norton, Wilbur Theodore 1911. Edward Coles: Second Governor of Illinois. 1786–1868, Washington Square Press, 30 pages; eBook
  • McMurry, Rebecca L.; McMurry, James F. 2002. Anatomy of a scandal: Thomas Jefferson & the Sally story, White Mane Books, 204 pages; ISBN 978-1-57249-303-2; Book
  • - - 1949. Jefferson and the Public Buildings of Virginia, Williamsburg Va., 6 pages; Book
  • Jackson, Donald Dean 1989. A Year at Monticello, 1795, Fulcrum, 117 pages; Book
  • Levinson, Sanford; Sparrow, Bartholomew 2005. The Louisiana Purchase and American Expansion, 1803–1898, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 272 pages; ISBN 978-1-4616-4468-2; Book
  • Lehmann, Karl; Malone, Dumas 1985. Thomas Jefferson, American Humanist, University of Virginia Press, 273 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-1078-9; Book
  • Kennedy, Roger G. 2003. Mr. Jeffersons Lost Cause: Land, Farmers, Slavery, and the Louisiana Purchase, Oxford University Press, 376 pages; Book
  • Lewis, Jan; Onuf, Peter S. 1999. Sally Hemings & Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture, University of Virginia Press, 280 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-1919-5; Book
  • McDonald, Forrest 1987. The Presidency of Thomas Jefferson intellectual history approach to Jeffersons Presidency, University Press of Kansas, 216 pages; ISBN 978-0-7006-0330-5; Book
  • Dunn, Susan 2004. Jeffersons Second Revolution: The Election Crisis of 1800 and the Triumph of Republicanism. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 384 pages. ISBN 978-0-5473-4575-8.
  • Adams, William Howard 2000. The Paris Years of Thomas Jefferson, Yale University Press, 368 pages; ISBN 978-0-300-08261-6; Book
  • McColley, Robert 1964. Slavery and Jeffersonian Virginia, University of Illinois Press, 227 pages; Book
  • Boutell, Lewis Henry 1891. Thomas Jefferson, the Man of Letters, Private printing: Press of S. Thompson & Company, 73 pages; Ebook1, Ebook2
  • Giles, William Branch; Anderson, Dice Robins 1914. William Branch Giles: A Study in the Politics of Virginia and the Nation from 1790 to 1830, George Banta Publishing Company, 271 pages; eBook
  • - - 2005. Adams vs. Jefferson: The Tumultuous Election of 1800, Oxford University Press, 260 pages; ISBN 978-0-19-518906-3; Book
  • Boles, John B.; Hall, Randal L. 2010. Seeing Jefferson Anew: In His Time and Ours, University of Virginia Press, 224 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2997-2; Book
  • Alvord, Clarence Walworth; Washburne, Elihu Benjamin 1920. Governor Edward Coles, Volume 15, Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 435 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Leiner, Frederick C. 2000. Millions for defense: the subscription warships of 1798, Naval Institute Press, 262 pages; Book
  • Hatzenbuehler, Ronald L. 2007. "I Tremble for My Country": Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia Gentry, University Press of Florida; 206 pages; ISBN 0813033837
  • Genovese, Eugene; Fox-Genovese, D. Elizabeth 2005. The Mind of the Master Class: History and Faith in the Southern Slaveholders Worldview, Cambridge University Press, 828 pages; ISBN 978-0-521-85065-0; Book
  • Allen, Steven W. 2003. Founding Fathers: Uncommon Heroes, Legal Awareness Series, Incorporated, 314 pages; ISBN 978-1-879033-76-4; Book
  • Gilreath, James 1999. Thomas Jefferson and the Education of a Citizen, Library of Congress, 383 pages; ISBN 978-0-8444-0965-8; Book
  • Dungan, Nicholas 2000. Gallatin: Americas Swiss Founding Father, New York University Press, 193 pages; ISBN 978-0-8147-2111-7; Book
  • Murrin, John M. 2000. The Jeffersonian Triumph and American Exceptionalism, University of Pennsylvania Press, Academic Journal
  • Chinard, Gilbert 2011. Thomas Jefferson: The Apostle of Americanism, Little, Brown And Company, 595 pages; eBook, 2nd printing, 1957, 3rd printing, 2011
  • Bowers, Claude G. 1936. Jefferson in Power The Death Struggle of the Federalist, Houghton Mifflin Company, 538 pages; Ebook
  • - - 2007. Jefferson Versus the Muslim Pirates, CITY Journal, The Manhattan Institute, Magazine, Essay
  • Mayer, David N. 1988. The Constitutional Thought of Thomas Jefferson Constitutionalism and Democracy University of Virginia Press, 1448 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-1485-5; Book
  • Hatch, Peter J. 1992. The Gardens of Thomas Jeffersons Monticello, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 56 pages; ISBN 978-1-882886-07-4; Book
  • Dunlap, John Robertson 1903. Jeffersonian Democracy: Which Means the Democracy of Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln, Jeffersonian Society, 479 pages; eBook
  • Nicolay, John George; Stockton, Frank Richard 1887. Thomas Jeffersons Home, Century Company, 658 pages; eBook
  • Levy, Robert 2007. The First Emancipator: Slavery, Religion, and the Quiet Revolution of Robert Cater, Random House, 360 pages; ISBN 978-0-3757-6104-1; Book
  • Blunt, Ray 2012. Crossed Lives-Crossed Purposes: Why Thomas Jefferson Failed and William Willberforce Persisted in Leading an End to Slavery, Wipf and Stock Publishers, 292 pages; ISBN 978-1-6109-7571-1; Book
  • - - 1906 & numerous authors The American Nation: The Jeffersonian system, 1801–1811, by E. Channing, Harper & Brothers, New York, London, 299 pages; eBook
  • - - 2000. Jefferson Vs. Hamilton: Confrontations that Shaped a Nation, Biography & Autobiography, Macmillan, 186 pages; Book
  • Honeywell, Roy J. 1931. The Educational Work of Thomas Jefferson, Harvard University Press, 295 pages; eBook
  • Fenster, Julie M. 2016. Jeffersons America: The President, the Purchase, and the Explorers Who Transformed a Nation. Crown/Archetype. ISBN 978-0-3079-5654-5.
  • - - 2015. The Great Divide: The Conflict between Washington and Jefferson that Defined a Nation, Da Capo Press, ISBN 978-0-3068-2127-1; Book
  • McDonald, Robert M. S. 2004. Thomas Jeffersons Military Academy: Founding West Point. Jeffersonian America University of Virginia Press, 233 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2298-0; Book
  • McCoy, Drew R. 1996. The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America, University of North Carolina Press, 268 pages; ISBN 978-0-8078-4616-2; Book
  • Ferling, John 2000. Setting the World Ablaze: Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and the American Revolution, Oxford University Press, 428 pages; ISBN 978-0-19-972881-7; Book
  • Arrowood, Charles Flinn 1930. Thomas Jefferson And Education in a Republic, McGraw Hill Book Company Inc, 184 pages; eBook
  • Gawalt, Gerard W. 2010. Circle of Friends: Thomas Jefferson and His Women Correspondents, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 279 pages; ISBN 978-1-4563-5538-8; Book
  • Mooy, Kees de 2003. The Wisdom of Thomas Jefferson, Citadel Publishers, 224 pages; ISBN 978-0-8065-2421-4; Book
  • Clemons, Harry 1954. The University of Virginia Library, 1825–1950: Story of a Jeffersonian Foundation, University of Virginia Library, 229 pages; Book
  • - - Jefferson And Hamilton The Struggle For Democracy in America, Kessinger Publishing, 560 pages; ISBN 978-0-7661-8598-2; Book
  • Holowchak, M. Andrew 2013. Thomas Jefferson and Philosophy: Essays on the Philosophical Cast of Jeffersons Writings, Lexington Books, 220 pages; ISBN 978-0-7391-8092-1; Book
  • Hellenbrand, Harold 1980. The Unfinished Revolution: Education and Politics in the Thought of Thomas Jefferson, Associated University Press, 207 pages; ISBN 978-0-87413-3707; Book
  • Geer, Curtis Manning; Lee, Guy Carleton; Thorpe, Francis Newton 1904. The Louisiana purchase and the westward movement, G. Barrie, publisher, 497 pages; eBook
  • Beloff, Baron Max Beloff 1948. Thomas Jefferson and American democracy, Hodder & Stoughton, 271 pages; Book
  • Finkelman, Paul 2001. Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson, M.E. Sharpe, 296 pages; ISBN 978-0-7656-2838-1; Book
  • Gilpatrick, Delbert Harold 1931. Jeffersonian Democracy in North Carolina: 1789–1816, Columbia University Press, 257 pages; Book
  • Benson, C. Randolph 1971. Thomas Jefferson as social scientist, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 333 pages; 9780838677056; Book
  • Houston, Frank K. 2010. Historic Monticello: Home of Thomas Jefferson, Charlottesville, Virginia, Albertype – Monticello Va.; 50 pages; Book
  • - - 1988. In Pursuit of Reason: The Life of Thomas Jefferson, Random House Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-3072-9142-4, Book
  • Kaplan, Lawrence S. 1980. Jefferson and France: an essay on politics and political ideas, Greenwood Press, 175 pages; Book
  • Mott, Frank Luther 1943. Jefferson and the Press, Louisiana State University Press, 65 pages; Book
  • Bedini, Silvio A. 1990. Thomas Jefferson: statesman of science, Macmillan, 616 pages; ISBN 978-0-02-897041-7; Book
  • - - 1980. The Wolf by the Ears: Thomas Jefferson and Slavery New American Library, 123 pages; | ISBN 0452005302; Book
  • Gabler, James M. 1995. Passions: The Wines and Travels of Thomas Jefferson, Bacchus Press Ltd., 318 pages; ISBN 978-0-9613525-3-0; Book
  • Howard, Hugh 2011. Dr. Kimball and Mr. Jefferson: Rediscovering the Founding Fathers of American Architecture, Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 320 pages; ISBN 978-1-60819-660-9; Book
  • Kimball, Marie 2007. Jefferson – War and Peace 1776 to 1784, Read Books, 424 pages; ISBN 978-1-4067-2361-8; Book
  • Kilmeade, Brian; Yaeger, Don 2015. Thomas Jefferson and the Tripoli Pirates: The Forgotten War That Changed American History, Penguin Press, ISBN 978-0-6981-9741-1 Book
  • Koch, Adrienne 2008. Jefferson and Madison – The Great Collaboration, Read Books, 328 pages; ISBN 978-1-4437-2364-0; Book
  • Fatovic, Clement; Kleinerman, Benjamin A. 2004. "Constitutionalism and Presidential Prerogative: Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian Perspectives.": American Journal of Political Science, Book
  • Cunningham, Noble E. 1957. The Jeffersonian Republicans: the formation of party organization, 1789–1801, Volume 2, University of North Carolina Press, 279 pages; Book
  • Lerner, Max 2013. Thomas Jefferson: Americas Philosopher-King, Transaction Publishers, 147 pages; ISBN 978-1-4128-5276-0; Book
  • Bailey, Jeremy D. 2007. Thomas Jefferson and Executive Power, Cambridge University Press, 280 pages; ISBN 0-521-86831-9; Book
  • Butler, Benjamin Franklin 1840. Jeffersonian democracy: defined and vindicated, New York Standard, 8 pages; Book
  • Dumbauld, Edward 1979. The Bill of rights and what it means today, Greenwood Press, 242 pages; ISBN 978-0-313-21215-4; Book
  • Beard, Charles Austin 1915. Economic Origins of Jeffersonian Democracy, Macmillan, New York, Boston, 474 pages; eBook
  • Adams, Herbert Baxter 1888. Thomas Jefferson and the University of Virginia, U.S. Government Printing Office, 308 pages; eBook
  • Hammond, John Craig 2007. Slavery, Freedom, and Expansion in the Early American West, University of Virginia Press, 245 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2669-8; Book
  • Kitzen, Michael L.S. 1993. Tripoli and the United States at war: a history of American relations with the Barbary states, 1785–1805, McFarland, 203 pages; ISBN 978-0-89950-823-8; Book
  • Helo, Ari 2014. Thomas Jeffersons Ethics and the Politics of Human Progress: The Morality of a Slaveholder, Cambridge University Press, 296 pages; ISBN 978-1-107-04078-6; Book
  • Horn, James P.P.; Jan Ellen Lewis and Peter S. Onuf, eds. 2002. The Revolution of 1800: Democracy, Race, and the New Republic 17 essays by scholars
  • Foote, Henry Wilder 1947. Thomas Jefferson: Social Reformer, Volume 807, Issue 12, Beacon Press, 15 pages; Book
  • Fremont-Barnes, Gregory 2006. The Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli – The Rise of the US Navy and Marines, Osprey Publishing, 95 pages; ISBN 978-1-84603-030-7; Book
  • Davis, David Brion 1970. Was Thomas Jefferson an Authentic Enemy of Slavery?, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 29 pages; Book
  • McDowell, Gary L.; Noble, Sharon L. 1997. Reason and Republicanism: Thomas Jeffersons Legacy of Liberty, Rowman & Littlefield, 325 pages; ISBN 978-0-8476-8521-9; Book
  • Bailyn, Bernard 1992. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution, Harvard University Press, 396 pages; ISBN 978-0-674-44302-0; Book
  • - - 2013. Jefferson and Hamilton: The Rivalry That Forged a Nation, Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 352 pages; ISBN 978-1-60819-542-8; Book
  • Ellis, Richard E. 1971. The Jeffersonian Crisis: Courts and Politics in the Young Republic, Oxford University Press, 392 pages; ISBN 978-0-19-501390-0; Book
  • Hubbard, Elbert; Lentz, John Jacob 1906. Thomas Jefferson: A Little Journey, Roycrofters, 105 pages; eBook
  • Dabney, Virginius 1981. Mr. Jeffersons University: a history, University Press of Virginia, 642 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-0904-2; Book
  • Curtis, Christopher Michael 2012. Jeffersons Freeholders and the Politics of Ownership in the Old Dominion, Cambridge University Press, 255 pages; ISBN 978-1-107-01740-5; Book
  • Long, Orie William 1933. Thomas Jefferson and George Ticknor: A Chapter in American Scholarship, McClelland Press, 39 pages; Book
  • - - 1963. The Jeffersonian Republicans in power: party operations, 1801–1809 ; University of North Carolina Press Book
  • - - 1981. The Jefferson scandals: a rebuttal, Dodd, Mead, 154 pages; ISBN 978-0-396-07964-4; Book
  • Berman, Eleanor Davidson 1947. Thomas Jefferson among the arts: an essay in early American esthetics, Philosophical Library, 305 pages; Book
  • Banning, Lance 1980. The Jeffersonian Persuasion: Evolution of a Party Ideology, Cornell University Press, 307 pages; ISBN 978-0-8014-9200-6; Book
  • Kaminski, John P. 2005. Thomas Jefferson: Philosopher and Politician, UW-Madison Libraries Parallel Press, 95 pages; ISBN 978-1-893311-59-6; Book
  • Bowen, Catherine Drinker 1986. Miracle at Philadelphia: The Story of the Constitutional Convention May to September 1787, Turtleback Books, 346 pages; ISBN 978-0-613-03429-6; Book
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. 1996. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West, Simon and Schuster, New York, 511 pages; ISBN 978-0-684-81107-9; Book
  • Knudson, Jerry W. 2006. Jefferson and the Press: Crucible of Liberty, University of South Carolina Press, 221 pages; ISBN 978-1-57003-607-1; Book
  • Elkins, Stanley; McKitrick, Eric 1995. The Age of Federalism: The Early American Republic, 1788–1800, Oxford University Press, 944 pages; ISBN 978-0-19-509381-0; Book
  • McLean, Iain 2004. "Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and the Declaration des Droits de lHomme et du Citoyen" in McLean, The future of liberal democracy: Thomas Jefferson and the contemporary world, Palgrave Macmillan, online, Book
  • Miller, John Chester 1963. The Federalist Era: 1789–1801, Harper & Row, 304 pages; ISBN 978-0-06-133027-8; Book
  • Coles, Edward 1856. History of the Ordinance of 1787, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 33 pages; eBook
  • Miller, Robert 2006. Native America, Discovered and Conquered Thomas Jefferson, Lewis & Clark, and Manifest Destiny, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-275-99011-4; Book
  • Hitchens, Christopher 2005. Author of America: Thomas Jefferson, HarperCollins, 208 pages; Book
  • Daugherty, Sonia Medvedeva 1941. Thomas Jefferson: fighter for freedom and human rights, F. Ungar Pub. Co., 352 pages; Book
  • Hildreth, Richard 1856. John Adams and Jefferson, Harper & Brothers, New York, 579 pages; eBook
  • Fleming, Thomas J. 2003. The Louisiana Purchase, Wiley Publishers, 186 pages; ISBN 978-0-471-26738-6; Book
  • de Witt, Cornelis Henri; Church, R. S. H. Ed. 1862. Jefferson and the American Democracy: An Historical Study, Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, & Green, 448 pages; eBook
  • - - 2008. Dinner at Mr. Jeffersons, John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-470-08306-2, 270 pages
  • Harris, Matthew L.; Buckley, Jay H. 2012. Zebulon Pike, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West, University of Oklahoma Press, 256 pages; ISBN 978-0-8061-8831-7; Book
  • Golden, James L.; Golden, Alan L. 2002. Thomas Jefferson and the Rhetoric of Virtue, Rowman & Littlefield, 522 pages; ISBN 978-0-7425-2080-6; Book
  • Matthews, Richard K. 1984. The Radical Political Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson, University Press of Kansas, 171 pages; ISBN 978-0-7006-0256-8; Book
  • Kimball, Fiske 1968. Thomas Jefferson: Architect, Library Reprints, Incorporated, 205 pages; ISBN 978-0-7222-4666-5; Book
  • Johnstone, Robert Jr. 1978. Jefferson and the Presidency: Leadership in the Young Republic, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 332 pages; ISBN 978-0-8014-1150-2; Book
  • Channing, Edward 1906. The Jeffersonian System: 1801–1811, Harper & Brothers, New York, 299 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Lacey, Michael James; Haakonssen, Knud 1992. A Culture of Rights: The Bill of Rights in Philosophy, Politics and Law 1791 and 1991, Cambridge University Press, 474 pages; ISBN 978-0-521-44653-2; Book
  • Browne, Charles Albert 1944. Thomas Jefferson and the Scientific Trends of His Time, Chronica botanica Company, 423 pages; Book
  • Hart, Albert Bushnell 1893. Formation of the Union, 1750–1829, Longmans, Green, 278 pages; eBook1, eBook2
  • Malone, Dumas 1963. Thomas Jefferson as Political Leader, University of California Press, 75 pages; Book
  • Massner, Franziska 2008. Thomas Jefferson and Slavery, GRIN Verlag, 28 pages; ISBN 978-3-638-89655-9; Book
  • Hotchner, A.E. 1996. Louisiana Purchase, Carroll & Graf Publishers, 383 pages; ISBN 978-0-7867-0309-8; Book
  • Nash, Gary; Russell, Graham; Hodges, Gao 2012. Friends of Liberty: Thomas Jefferson, Tadeusz Kosciuszko, and Agrippa Hull, Basic Books, 328 pages; ISBN 978-0-465-03148-1; Book
  • - - 2002. Benjamin Banneker: Surveyor, Astronomer, Publisher, Patriot, John Wiley & Sons, 257 pages; ISBN 978-0-471-38752-7; Book
  • Foster, Franklin Pierce 1917. The world war, Jefferson and democracy, The History Club, 51 pages; eBook
  • Cerami, Charles 2004. Jeffersons Great Gamble: The Remarkable Story of Jefferson, Napoleon and the Men Behind the Louisiana Purchase, Sourcebooks, Inc., 320 pages; ISBN 978-1-4022-3435-4; Book
  • Burton, Cynthia H. 2005. Jefferson vindicated: fallacies, omissions, and contradictions in the Hemings genealogical search, Cynthia H. Burton, 194 pages; ISBN 978-0-9767775-0-2; Book
  • - - 2012. Light and Liberty: Thomas Jefferson and the Power of Knowledge, University of Virginia Press, 232 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-3236-1; Book
  • Historical Society of Pennsylvania 1901. Inauguration of President Thomas Jefferson, The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography pp. 71–76, eBook1, eBook2
  • Ledgin, Norm 2000. Diagnosing Jefferson, Future Horizons, 254 pages; ISBN 978-1-885477-60-6; Book
  • Frisch, Morton J. 1992. The Hamilton-Madison-Jefferson Triangle, Ashbrook Press, 39 pages; ISBN 978-1-878802-05-7; Book
  • Levy, Leonard Williams 1963. Jefferson & civil liberties: the darker side, Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 225 pages; Book
  • Gannon, Kevin M. 2001. Escaping "Mr. Jeffersons Plan of Destruction": New England Federalists and the Idea of a Northern Confederacy, 1803–1804, University of Pennsylvania Press Book
  • - - 1957. The Philosophy of Thomas Jefferson, Peter Smith, publisher, 208 pages; Book
  • Bailey, John 2013. Jeffersons Second Father, Pan, 328 pages; ISBN 978-1-74334-214-5; Book
  • Bernstein, Richard B. 2004. The Revolution of Ideas, Oxford University Press, 251 pages ; ISBN 978-0-19-514368-3, Book
  • Lambeth, William ; Manning, Warren 2009. Thomas Jefferson as an Architect and a Designer of Landscapes, Applewood Books, 188 pages; ISBN 978-1-4290-1401-4; Book
  • Newbold, Stephanie P. 2010. All But Forgotten: Thomas Jefferson and the Development of Public Administration, SUNY Press, 147 pages; ISBN 978-1-4384-3074-4; Book
  • Boorstin, Daniel J. 1993. The Lost World of Thomas Jefferson, University of Chicago Press, 320 pages; ISBN 978-0-226-06497-0; Book
  • Anderson, Frank Maloy 1900. Contemporary opinion of the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, American Historical Review, eBook1, eBook2
  • Hailman, John R. 2006. Thomas Jefferson on Wine, Univ. Press of Mississippi, 457 pages; ISBN 978-1-60473-138-5; Book
  • - - 1993. Thomas Jefferson & the Stony Mountains: Exploring the West from Monticello, University of Oklahoma Press, 339 pages; ISBN 978-0-8061-2504-6; Book
  • Hanson, Stephen D. 2010. Transcending Time with Thomas Jefferson: Is the Constitution Still Applicable Today?, iUniverse, 268 pages; ISBN 978-1-4502-4023-9; Book
  • Gutzman, Kevin R.C. 2007. Virginias American Revolution: From Dominion to Republic, 1776–1840, Lexington Books, 235 pages; ISBN 978-0-7391-2132-0; Book
  • Nester, William 2013. The Jeffersonian vision, 1801–1815: The Art of American Power During the Early Republic, Potomac Books, Inc, 294 pages Book
  • Seefeldt, Douglas; Hantman, Jeffrey L.; Onuf, Peter S. 2006. Across the Continent: Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, and the Making of America, University of Virginia Press, 222 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2595-0; Book
  • Ragosta, John 2013. Religious Freedom: Jeffersons Legacy, Americas Creed, University of Virginia Press, 312 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-3371-9; Book
  • Stuart, Reginald C. 1978. The Half-way Pacifist: Thomas Jeffersons View of War, University of Toronto Press, 93 pages; ISBN 978-0-8020-5431-9; Book
  • Smith, Gene Allen 1991. The Ruinous Folly of a Navy: A History of the Jeffersonian Gunboat Program, G.A. Smith self publish, 280 pages; Book
  • Wallace, Anthony F.C. 2009. Jefferson and the Indians: The Tragic Fate of the First Americans, Harvard University Press, 416 pages; ISBN 978-0-674-04480-7; Book
  • Steele, Brian 2012. Thomas Jefferson and American Nationhood, Cambridge University Press, 321 pages; ISBN 978-1-107-02070-2; Book
  • Onuf, Peter S. 1993. Jeffersonian Legacies, University of Virginia Press, 478 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-1463-3; Book
  • - - ; Gillett, Pond, Nathan; Lamb, Martha Joanna 1890. The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries, A.S. Barnes, New York, 523 pages; Ebook
  • Schouler, James 1893. Thomas Jefferson, Dodd, Mead and Company, New York, 261 pages; eBook
  • Staloff, Darren 2005. Hamilton, Adams, Jefferson: The Politics of Enlightenment and the American Founding.
  • - - 2007. Henry Adams and the Making of America, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 467 pages; ISBN 978-0-618-87266-4; Book
  • Selby, John E. 2007. The Revolution in Virginia, 1775–1783, Colonial Williamsburg, 442 pages; ISBN 978-0-87935-233-2; Book
  • - - 1946. Thomas Jefferson and The National Capital, U.S. Government Printing Office, 522 pages; eBook
  • Whipple, Addison Beecher Colvin 2001. To the Shores of Tripoli: The Birth of the U.S. Navy and Marines, Naval Institute Press, 357 pages; ISBN 1-55750-966-2; Book
  • Philips, Kim Tousley 1989. William Duane, radical journalist in the age of Jefferson, Garland Pubublishers, 679 pages, ISBN 978-0-8240-6193-7; Book
  • Sargent, Lyman Tower ed. 1997. Political Thought in the United States: A Documentary History, New York University Press, 428 pages; ISBN 978-0-8147-8048-0; Book
  • - - 1834. Life of Thomas Jefferson, Lilly, Wait, Colman, & Holden, Boston, 431 pages; Ebook1, Ebook2
  • - - ; Urofsky, Melvin I. 2006. Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall: "What Kind of Constitution Shall We Have?" Journal of Supreme Court History 312: 109–125. ISSN 1059-4329 Fulltext: in Swetswise, Ingenta and Ebsco
  • Wills, Garry 2005. Negro President: Jefferson and the Slave Power, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 274 pages; ISBN 978-0-618-48537-6 Book
  • Urofsky, Melvin I. 2001. The Levy Family and Monticello, 1834–1923: Saving Thomas Jeffersons House,Thomas Jefferson Foundation, 256 pages; ISBN 978-1-882886-16-6; Book
  • Wise, James Waterman 1943. Thomas Jefferson then and now, 1743–1943: a national symposium, Bill of Rights Sesqui-centennial Committee, 143 pages; Book
  • Wheelan, Joseph 2004. Jeffersons War: Americas First War on Terror 1801–1805. Carrol and Graf Publishers, New York, 464 pages; ISBN 0-7867-1232-5, Book
  • - - 1975. Thomas Jefferson and the Enlightenment: reflections on literary influence, Westminster Publications, 39 pages; Book
  • Tucker, Spencer 1993. The Jeffersonian Gunboat Navy, University of South Carolina Press, 265 pages; ISBN 978-0-87249-849-5; Book
  • Sloan, Herbert J. 2001. Principle and Interest: Thomas Jefferson and the Problem of Debt, University of Virginia Press, 377 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2093-1; Book
  • Tator, Henry H. 1852. An Oration Commemorative of the Character of Thomas Jefferson, Joel Munsell publisher, 22 pages; Ebook
  • Sheldon, Garrett Ward 1991. The political philosophy of Thomas Jefferson, Johns Hopkins University Press, 174 pages; ISBN 978-0-8018-4142-2; Book
  • Smelser, Marshall 1968. The Democratic Republic: 1801–1815 "New American Nation", Harper & Row, 369 pages survey of political and diplomatic history, Book
  • Winik, Jay 2007. The Great Upheaval Harper-Collins Publishers, New York; 661 pages; ISBN 9780061826719; Book
  • Thomas Jefferson Heritage Society 2001. The Jefferson-Hemings myth: an American travesty, Jefferson Editions, 207 pages; ISBN 978-0-934211-66-6; Book
  • Root, Erik S. 2008. All Honor to Jefferson?: The Virginia Slavery Debates and the Positive Good Thesis, exington Books, 255 pages; ISBN 978-0-7391-2218-1; Book
  • Wood, Gordon S. 1998. The Creation of the American Republic: 1776–1787, University of North Carolina Press, 653 pages; ISBN 978-0-8078-4723-7; Book
  • Rogow, Arnold 1999. A Fatal Friendship: Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr, Macmillan, 368 pages; ISBN 978-0-8090-1621-1; Book
  • - - 2011. The Limits of Optimism: Thomas Jeffersons Dualistic Enlightenment, University of Virginia Press, 224 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-3151-7; Book
  • OBrien, Conor Cruise 1996. The Long Affair: Thomas Jefferson and the French Revolution, 1785–1800, University of Chicago Press, 367 pages; ISBN 978-0-226-61653-7; Book
  • Richards, Leonard L. 2000. The Slave Power: The Free North and Southern Domination, 1780–1860, LSU Press, 228 pages; ISBN 978-0-8071-2600-4; Book
  • Spahn, Hannah 2011. Thomas Jefferson, Time, and History, University of Virginia Press, 290 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-3168-5; Book
  • Rutland, Robert Allen 1975. Madisons Alternatives: The Jeffersonian Republicans and the Coming of War, 1805–1812, Lippincott, 152 pages; ISBN 978-0-397-47331-1; Book
  • Stewart, John J. 1997. Thomas Jefferson: Forerunner to the Restoration, Cedar Fort, 96 pages; ISBN 978-0-88290-605-8; Book
  • - - 2007. Mr. Jeffersons University, National Geographic Books, 162 pages; ISBN 978-1-4262-0181-3; Book
  • - - 2000. "Every Generation Is An Nation: Colonization, Miscegenation and the Fate of Jeffersons Children", William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. LVII, No.1, January 2000, JSTOR;
  • Poffenberger, Brien J. 1991. Jeffersons Design of the Capitol of Virginia, University of Virginia, 230 pages; Book
  • Reed, Helen Scott Townsend 1991. Jeffersons Observation Tower Projects for Montalto and the University of Virginia, University of Virginia, 140 pages; Book
  • Perry, Barbara A. 2006. "Jeffersons Legacy to the Supreme Court: Freedom of Religion", Journal of Supreme Court History: pp. 181–98. ISSN 1059-4329 Fulltext in Swetswise, Ingenta and Ebsco
  • - - 2001. Jeffersons Empire: The Languages of American Nationhood, University of Virginia Press, 250 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-2204-1; Book
  • - - 1999. Thomas Jefferson: An Anthology, Wiley, 272 pages; ISBN 978-1-881089-57-5; Book
  • - - 1984. Thomas Jefferson, the Founders, and Constitutional Change, Claremont Institute for the Study of Statesmanship and Political Philosophy, 20 pages; ISBN 978-0-930783-06-8; Book
  • - - 2006. Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different, Penguin, 321 pages; ISBN 978-1-59420-093-9; Book
  • Robinson, William A. 2008. Jeffersonian Democracy in New England, Read Books, 196 pages; ISBN 978-1-4086-8201-2; Book
  • Smyth, Clifford 1866. Thomas Jefferson, the father of American democracy, Funk & Wagnalls Co., New York, London, Book1, Book2
  • Sheehan, Bernard W. 1974. Seeds of Extinction: Jeffersonian Philanthropy and the American Indian, W. W. Norton & Company, 301 pages; ISBN 978-0-393-00716-9; Book
  • Risjord, Norman K. 1994. Thomas Jefferson, Rowman & Littlefield, 210 pages; ISBN 978-0-945612-39-1; Book
  • - - 2009. Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789–1815, Oxford University Press, 800 pages, ISBN 978-0-19-974109-0, Book
  • - - 2005. Jeffersons Vendetta. Carrol and Graf Publishers, New York
  • Peterson, Merrill D. 1963. Jeffersons Consent of the Governed: Convolutions of a Doctrine, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 17 pages; Book
  • Schwarz, Philip J. 2010. Slave Laws in Virginia, University of Georgia Press, 272 pages; ISBN 978-0-8203-3516-2; Book
  • Pancake, John S. 1974. Thomas Jefferson & Alexander Hamilton, Barrons Educational Series, 521 pages; Book
  • Rahe, Paul A. 1995. "Thomas Jeffersons Machiavellian Political Science". Review of Politics 573: 449–481. ISSN 0034-6705 Fulltext online at Jstor and Ebsco.
  • Stewart, David O. 2012. American Emperor: Aaron Burrs Challenge to Jeffersons America, Simon and Schuster, 432 pages; ISBN 978-1-4391-5720-6; Book
  • Valsania, Maurizio 2004. Our Original Barbarism: Man Vs. Nature in Thomas Jeffersons Moral Experience, Journal of the History of Ideas, ISSN 0022-5037 Fulltext: in Project Muse and Swetswise
  • Wallace, D.D. 1911. Jeffersons Part in the Purchase of Louisiana, The Sewanee Review, Ebook
  • Read, James H. 2000. Power Versus Liberty: Madison, Hamilton, Wilson, and Jefferson, University of Virginia Press, 201 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-1912-6; Book
  • Stanton, Lucia C. 2012. Those Who Labor for My Happiness: Slavery at Thomas Jeffersons Monticello, University of Virginia Press, 384 pages; ISBN 978-0-8139-3222-4; Book
  • Williams, John Sharp 1913. Thomas Jefferson. His Permanent Influence on American Institutions, Columbia University Press, New York, 330 pages; Ebook1, Ebook2
  • Sears, Louis Martin 1927. Jefferson and the Embargo, Duke University Press, 338 pages; Book
  • Wayland, John Walter 1907. The political opinions of Thomas Jefferson: an essay, The Neale Publishing Company, 98 pages; Ebook1, Ebook2
  • Wolfe, John Harold 1940. Jeffersonian Democracy in South Carolina, The University of North Carolina press, 308 pages; Book
  • Rist, Boyd Clifton 1985. The Jeffersonian crisis revived: Virginia, the court, and the appellate jurisdiction controversy, University of Virginia, 634 pages; Book
  • Wright, Robert E. 2008. One Nation Under Debt: Hamilton, Jefferson, and the History of What We Owe, McGraw Hill Professional, 419 pages; ISBN 978-0-07-154394-1; Book
  • Wilentz, Sean 2006. The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln, W. W. Norton & Company, 1044 pages; ISBN 978-0-393-32921-6; Book
  • Wiggins, James Russell 1959. Jefferson Through the Fog: An Address Delivered at Monticello, April 13, 1959, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, 17 pages; Book
  • Shannon, Joseph B. 1931. Thomas Jefferson, the Advocate of Truth, Freedom and Equality, C. S. Demaree Stationery Company, 31 pages; Book
  • Presidential Library 2010. The Wisdom of Thomas Jefferson, Open Road Media, 251 pages; ISBN 978-1-4532-0266-1; Book
  • - - 2013. Natures Man: Thomas Jeffersons Philosophical Anthropology, University of Virginia Press, 204 pages; Book
  • Tucker, Robert W.; Hendrickson, David C. 1990. Empire of Liberty: The Statecraft of Thomas Jefferson, Oxford University Press, 384 pages; ISBN 978-0-19-992345-8; Book
  • Rayner, B.L. 1832. Sketches of the life, writings, and opinions of Thomas Jefferson, A. Francis and W. Boardman, 556 pages; Ebook
  • - - 2010. The Deadlocked Election of 1800: Jefferson, Burr, and the Union in the Balance, University of Kansas Publications, 239 pages; ISBN 978-0-7006-1742-5; Book
  • Padover, Saul K. 1965. Thomas Jefferson and the Foundations of American Freedom, Fawcett Publications, 192 pages; Book
  • Simon, James F. 2003. What Kind of Nation: Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, and the Epic Struggle to Create a United States, Simon and Schuster, 352 pages; Book
  • Tippen, Mary B. 1991. Thomas Jefferson: inconsistent values, University of Michigan-Flint, 152 pages; Book
  • Wilson, Douglas L.; Stanton, Lucia C. 1999. Jefferson Abroad, Modern Library, 338 pages; ISBN 978-0-679-60319-1; Book
  • - - 2009. Jeffersons America, 1760-1815. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-0-7425-6123-6.
  • Sharp, James Roger 1993. American Politics in the Early Republic: The New Nation in Crisis, Yale University Press, 365 pages; ISBN 978-0-300-05530-6; Book
  • White, Leonard Dupee 1948. The Federalists, Macmillan Company, 538 pages; Book
  • Wagoner, Jennings L., Jr. 2004. Jefferson and Education.
  • Stevens, John Austin 1884. Albert Gallatin, Volume 13, Houghton, Mifflin, 419 pages; Ebook
  • Sisson, Dan 1974. The American Revolution of 1800, Knopf Publishers, New York, 468 pages; ISBN 978-0-394-48476-1; Book
  • Zacks, Richard 2005. The Pirate Coast: Thomas Jefferson, the First Marines, and the Secret Mission of 1805, Hyperion, New York, 432 pages, ISBN 978-1-4013-0003-6; Book
  • Rakove, Jack 2010. Revolutionaries: A New History of the Invention of America, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 496 pages; ISBN 978-0-547-48674-1; Book
                                     

2.4. Bibliography Religion

  • Hall, J. Lesslie 1913. The Religious Opinions of Thomas Jefferson, The Sewanee Review, 13 pages; Ebook
  • Foote, Henry Wilder 1947. Thomas Jefferson: Champion of Religious Freedom: Advocate of Christian Morale, Beacon Press, 70 pages; Book
  • West, Ellis M. 2012. The Religion Clauses of the First Amendment, Lexington Books, 250 pages; ISBN 978-0-7391-4679-8; Book
  • Dreisbach, Daniel L. 2002. Thomas Jefferson and the Wall of Separation between Church and State, online
  • Sheridan, Eugene R. 2001. Jefferson and Religion, preface by Martin Marty, University of North Carolina Press, ISBN 1-882886-08-9; Book
  • Hall, Timothy; Hall, Timothy L. 1998. Separating Church and State, University of Illinois Press, 206 pages; ISBN 978-0-252-06664-1; Book
  • Vicchio, Stephen J. 2007 Jeffersons Religion, Wipf and Stock Publishers, 158 pages; ISBN 978-1-4982-7129-5; Book
  • Peterson, Merrill D.; Vaughan, Robert C. 2003. The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom: Its Evolution and Consequences in American History, Cambridge University Press, 392 pages; ISBN 978-0-521-89298-8; Book
  • - - 1960. The Religion of Thomas Jefferson, Beacon Press, 86 pages; Book
  • Blanshard, Paul 1963. Religion and the schools: the great controversy, Beacon Press, 265 pages; Book
  • Hamburger, Philip 2009. Separation of Church and State, Harvard University Press, 528 pages; ISBN 978-0-674-03818-9; Book
  • Eidsmoe, John 1995. Christianity and the Constitution: The Faith of Our Founding Fathers, Baker Publishing Group, 480 pages; ISBN 978-0-8010-5231-6; Book
  • Witte, John 2000. Religion and the American Constitutional Experiment: Essential Rights and Liberties, Westview Press, 379 pages; ISBN 978-0-8133-3306-9; Book
  • Jackson, Henry E., Ed., 1923. The Thomas Jefferson Bible,
  • Adamson, Barry 2008. Freedom of Religion, the First Amendment, and the Supreme Court, Pelican Publishing, 422 pages; ISBN 978-1-4556-0458-6; Book
  • Beliles, Mark; Newcombe, Jerry 2014 Doubting Thomas: The Religious Life and Legacy of Thomas Jefferson, Morgan James Publishing, 520 pages; Book
  • Irons, Charles F. 2009. Origins of Proslavery Christianity, Univ of North Carolina Press, 384 pages; ISBN 978-0-8078-8889-6; Book
  • Lambert, Frank 2003. The Founding Fathers and the Place of Religion in America, Princeton University, 328 pages; ISBN 978-0-691-08829-7; Book
  • Healey, Robert M. 1970. Jefferson on Religion in Public Education, Archon Books, 294 pages; ISBN 978-0-208-00841-1; Book
  • Peach, John Harding 2012. Thomas Jefferson: Roots of Religious Freedom, CrossBooks, 364 pages; ISBN 978-1-4627-2052-1; Book
  • Braden, Bruce 2008. Ye Will Say I Am No Christian: The Thomas Jefferson/John Adams Correspondence on Religion, Morals, and Values, Prometheus Books, 257 pages; ISBN 978-1-61592-227-7; Book
  • Gaustad, Edwin S. 2001. Sworn on the Altar of God: A Religious Biography of Thomas Jefferson, Book1 Book 1; Book2 Book 2
  • Sanford, Charles B. The Religious Life of Thomas Jefferson 1987 University of Virginia Press, ISBN 0-8139-1131-1, Book
  • Sheldon, Garrett Ward; Dreisbach, Daniel L. 2000. Religion and political culture in Jeffersons Virginia, Rowman & Littlefield, 236 pages; ISBN 978-0-7425-0774-6; Book
  • Muñoz, Vincent Phillip 2009. God and the Founders: Madison, Washington, and Jefferson, Cambridge University Press, 242 pages; ISBN 978-0-521-51515-3; Book
  • Meyerson, Michael I. 2012. Endowed by Our Creator: The Birth of Religious Freedom in America, Yale University Press, 320 pages; ISBN 978-0-300-18349-8; Book


                                     

2.5. Bibliography Legacy and historiography

  • Gordon-Reed, Annette. Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American controversy, Charlottesville, Virginia: University of Virginia Press, 1997 reprint 1998 to include discussion of DNA analysis Book
  • Wilson, Douglas L. 1992. Thomas Jefferson and the Character Issue, The Atlantic Monthly, Article
  • Perry, Barbara A. "Jeffersons Legacy to the Supreme Court: Freedom of Religion", Journal of Supreme Court History 2006 312: 181–198. ISSN 1059-4329
  • Peter S., ed. with Jan Ellen Lewis 1999. Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson: History, Memory, and Civic Culture, University Press of Virginia Google preview.
  • - - ed. 1993. Jeffersonian Legacies, University of Virginia Press, 478 pages; Book
  • Cogliano, Francis D. 2008. Thomas Jefferson: Reputation and Legacy. Edinburgh University Press, 276 pages., Book
  • Wiltse, Charles Maurice 1935. The Jeffersonian Tradition in American Democracy, University of North Carolina Press, 273 pages; Book
  • Peterson, Merrill D. 1960. The Jefferson Image in the American Mind. University of Virginia Press, 548 pages. Book; Bancroft Prize
  • Onuf, Peter October 1993. "The Scholars Jefferson," William and Mary Quarterly 3d Series, L:4, 671–699. Historiographical review or scholarship about TJ; in JSTOR
  • Cogliano, Francis D. ed. 2012. A Companion to Thomas Jefferson, 648 pp; 34 essays by scholars focusing on how historians have handled Jefferson. online
  • "Thomas Jefferson", PBS interviews with 24 historians
  • Gilreath, Thomas; Gilreath, James; Wilson, Douglas L. 2010. Thomas Jeffersons Library, The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 162 pages; ISBN 978-1-58477-824-0; Book
  • Taylor, Jeff 2006. Where Did the Party Go?: William Jennings Bryan, Hubert Humphrey, and the Jeffersonian Legacy, University of Missouri Press, 373 pages; ISBN 978-0-8262-1661-8; Book

JEFFERSON AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

In 1775, with the American Revolutionary War recently under way, Jefferson was selected as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress. Although not known as a great public speaker, he was a gifted writer and at age 33, was asked to draft the Declaration of Independence before he began writing, Jefferson discussed the documents contents with a five-member drafting committee that included John Adams and Benjamin Franklin. The Declaration of Independence, which explained why the 13 colonies wanted to be free of British rule and also detailed the importance of individual rights and freedoms, was adopted on July 4, 1776.

In the fall of 1776, Jefferson resigned from the Continental Congress and was re-elected to the Virginia House of Delegates formerly the House of Burgesses. He considered the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, which he authored in the late 1770s and which Virginia lawmakers eventually passed in 1786, to be one of the significant achievements of his career. It was a forerunner to the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which protects peoples right to worship as they choose.

From 1779 to 1781, Jefferson served as governor of Virginia, and from 1783 to 1784, did a second stint in Congress. In 1785, he succeeded Benjamin Franklin 1706–90 as U.S. minister to France. Jeffersons duties in Europe meant he could not attend the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787; however, he was kept informed of the proceedings to draft a new national constitution and later advocated for including a bill of rights and presidential term limits.

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