Adaptive memory is the study of memory systems that have evolved to help retain survival- and fitness-related information, i.e., that are geared toward helping an organism enhance its reproductive fitness and chances of surviving. One key element of adaptive memory research is the notion that memory evolved to help survival by better retaining information that is fitness-relevant. One of the foundations of this method of studying memory is the relatively little adaptive value of a memory system that evolved merely to remember past events. Memory systems, it is argued, must use the past in ...
Ambidexterity is the ability to use both the right and left hand equally well. When referring to objects, the concept indicates that the object is equally suitable for right-handed and left-handed people. When referring to humans, it indicates that a person has no marked preference for the use of the right or left hand. Only about one percent of people are naturally ambidextrous, however, it is better to take population proportions as a stochastic process, above of all concerning to hand-laterality or handedness, which could vary with mentality and educational perspective changes, deeply m ...
Attention is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether considered subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information. It is a state of arousal. As William James wrote, is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seem several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought. Focalization, concentration, of consciousness are of its essence." Attention has also been described as the allocation of limited cognitive processing resources. Attention remains a crucial a ...
In psychology, Conceptual blending, also called conceptual integration or view application, is a theory of cognition developed by Gilles Fauconnier and Mark Turner. According to this theory, elements and vital relations from diverse scenarios are "blended" in a subconscious process, which is assumed to be ubiquitous to everyday thought and language. Conceptual blending is an emerging field of studies for computer scientists wishing to pursue researches in artificial intelligence.
Consciousness at its simplest is "sentience or awareness of internal or external existence". Despite centuries of analyses, definitions, explanations and debates by philosophers and scientists, consciousness remains puzzling and controversial, being "at once the most familiar and most mysterious aspect of our lives". Perhaps the only widely agreed notion about the topic is the intuition that it exists. Opinions differ about what exactly needs to be studied and explained as consciousness. Sometimes it is synonymous with the mind, other times just an aspect of mind. In the past it was ones " ...
Models of consciousness are used to illustrate and aid in understanding and explaining distinctive aspects of consciousness. Sometimes the models are labeled theories of consciousness. Anil Seth defines such models as those that relate brain phenomena such as fast irregular electrical activity and widespread brain activation to properties of consciousness such as qualia. Seth allows for different types of models including mathematical, logical, verbal and conceptual models.
Somnolence is a state of strong desire for sleep, or sleeping for unusually long periods. It has distinct meanings and causes. It can refer to the usual state preceding falling asleep, the condition of being in a drowsy state due to circadian rhythm disorders, or a symptom of other health problems. It can be accompanied by lethargy, weakness, and lack of mental agility. Somnolence is often viewed as a symptom rather than a disorder by itself. However, the concept of somnolence recurring at certain times for certain reasons constitutes various disorders, such as excessive daytime sleepiness ...
The unconscious mind consists of the processes in the mind which occur automatically and are not available to introspection and include thought processes, memories, interests and motivations. Even though these processes exist well under the surface of conscious awareness, they are theorized to exert an impact on behavior. The term was coined by the 18th-century German Romantic philosopher Friedrich Schelling and later introduced into English by the poet and essayist Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Empirical evidence suggests that unconscious phenomena include repressed feelings, automatic skills, ...
- production of language. Cognitive processes use existing knowledge and generate new knowledge. Cognitive processes are analyzed from different perspectives
- psychologist Daniel Wegner first studied ironic process theory in a laboratory setting in 1987. Ironic mental processes have been shown in a variety of situations
- is considered an index of processing speed and efficiency indicating how fast an individual can execute task - relevant mental operations. Behavioral responses
- A mental image or mental picture is an experience that, on most occasions, significantly resembles the experience of perceiving some object, event, or
- mental processes and bodily states or processes The main aim of philosophers working in this area is to determine the nature of the mind and mental
- shape of a person s chin. Synonyms of mental protuberance include mental process and protuberantia mentalis. Mental in this sense derives from Latin mentum
- mind. Mental contents are those items that are thought of as being in the mind, and capable of being formed and manipulated by mental processes and faculties
- structural design of processes applies to fields such as computers, business processes logistics, project management Process costing, a cost allocation
- Mental health is the level of psychological well - being or an absence of mental illness. It is the state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory
- Mental Management explores, describes and studies the mental processes in their diversity. This psychology of cognitive consciousness was elaborated by
- developmental processes underlying mental functioning. The final draft of ICD - 11 contains a very similar definition. The terms mental breakdown or
- A mental model is an explanation of someone s thought process about how something works in the real world. It is a representation of the surrounding world
- Mental calculator is a term to describe a person with a prodigious ability in some area of mental calculation such as adding, subtracting, multiplying
- empowerment or recovery model of mental disorder and disability, with the former focusing on hypothesized disease processes and symptoms, and the latter focusing
- cognitive model. Building of mental spaces and establishment of mappings between those mental spaces are the two main processes involved in construction of
- A mental health professional is a health care practitioner or social and human services provider who offers services for the purpose of improving an individual s
- Community mental health services CMHS also known as community mental health teams CMHT in the United Kingdom, support or treat people with mental disorders
- The National Institute of Mental Health NIMH is one of 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health NIH The NIH, in turn
- onward to the mental plane by completely calming their emotional processes and withdrawing their emotional senses. Like astral projection, mental projection
- attentional focalization. Taking into account all mental processes the following types of mental operations have been described: cognitive operations
- The mental status examination or mental state examination MSE is an important part of the clinical assessment process in neurological and psychiatric
- Mental Health is a peer - reviewed monthly scientific journal published by Routledge covering research on the relationship between the aging process and
- many of the psychosocial processes in the groups are the same. Self - help groups have had varying relationships with mental health professionals. Due
- The Mental Capacity Act 2005 c 9 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom applying to England and Wales. Its primary purpose is to provide a
- Hong B, Zhou W, Bodner M, Zhou YD 2012 Sequential neural processes in abacus mental addition: an EEG and FMRI case study PLoS ONE. 7: e36410. doi: 10
- study in Western societies, homeless people have a higher prevalence of mental illness when compared to the general population. They also are more likely
- process without an immediate observable cause, sometimes considered a consequence of repression. Mental blocking can be a coping mechanism for mental
- Historically, mental disorders have had three major explanations, namely, the supernatural, biological and psychological models. For much of recorded history
- The problem of mental causation is a conceptual issue in the philosophy of mind. That problem, in short, is how to account for the common - sense idea that
- Mental calculation comprises arithmetical calculations using only the human brain, with no help from any supplies such as pencil and paper or devices
Higher nervous activity
Models of consciousness
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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!online intellectual game →