Autopoiesis - philosophy of mind. The term autopoesis, the sense of self and ποίησις, the meaning of creation, production refers to a system able to reproduc ..



The term autopoesis, the sense of self and ποίησις, the meaning of creation, production) refers to a system able to reproduce and sustain itself. The original definition can be found in Autopoiesis and cognition: the realization of the living:

Page 16: it was in these circumstances. in which he analyzed don Quixote dilemma about whether to follow the path of the praxis of the hands, actions, or way of writing, I realized for the first time the power of the word "poyezis," and invented the word that we need: autopoesis. It was a word without history, a word that could directly mean what takes place in the dynamics of the autonomy proper of living systems.

Page 78: is automoatically machine is a machine organized defined as a unity, as a network of processes of production, transformation and destruction of components which: I through their interactions and transformations continuously regenerate and realize the network of processes of relations that produced them, and II is its machine as a concrete unity in space in which they exist components, specifying the topological field of its realization as such a network.

Page 89. space is determined automoatically system is self-contained and cannot be described by using dimensions that define another space. When we refer to our interactions with individual automoatically system, however, we project this system on the space of our manipulations and make a description of this projection.

This term was introduced in 1972 by Chilean biologists Humberto by the name of Maturana and Francisco Varela to define the self-sustaining chemistry of living cells. Since then, this concept has also been applied to the field of cognition, systems Theory, architecture and sociology.


1. Meaning. (Смысл)

Autopoiesis was originally presented as a system description that was said to define and explain the nature of living systems. The canonical example automoatically system is the biological cell. Eukaryotic cell, for example, is made of various biochemical components such as nucleic acids and proteins, and consists of a limited structure, such as the cell nucleus, various organelles, cell membrane and cytoskeleton. These structures, based on external flow of molecules and energy, produce the components which, in turn, continue to maintain the organized bounded structure that gives rise to these components are not unlike the waves propagating in the medium.

In automoatically system is different from allopoietic system, such as a car factory, which uses raw materials to create a car organized structure that is something other than the factory itself. However, if the system expands plant to include components in plants, "environment", such as supply chains, plant / equipment, employees, dealers, customers, contracts, competitors, cars, parts, etc., while the overall viability of the system can be considered as automoatically.

Though others often used the term as a synonym for self-organization, by the name of Maturana himself stated that he "ever use the concept of self-organization. Promptly impossible. That is, if the concept changes, what changes". In addition, automoatically system is Autonomous and operationally closed, in the sense that there are adequate processes to maintain the unit. Automoatically systems are "structurally combined" with their tools that are built into dynamic changes, which can be called as sensory-motor coupling. This continuous dynamic is considered as rudimentary forms of knowledge and cognition and can be observed throughout life-forms.

Autopoesis application of the concept to sociology can be found in the systems theory of Niklas Luhmanns, which later was adapted by Bob Jessop in his studies of the capitalist state system. Marjatta maula adapted the concept autopoiesis in a business context. Theory autopoesis also applies in terms of legal systems by Niklas Luhmann, but also Gunther Teubner.

In the context of textual criticism, Jerome Mcgann argues that texts are "mechanisms automoatically works as a self-perpetuating feedback system that cannot be separated from those who manipulate and use them." Recalling by the name of Maturana and Varela, he defines automoatically system as "a closed topological space that continuously generates and specifies its own organization through its operation as a system of production of its own components, and this in an endless turnover of components ", concluding that "Automoatically system, so different from allopoietic systems, which are Cartesian and as a product of their functioning something different from themselves." Coding and markup appear allopoietic", furthermore, he says, but the generative parts of the system they serve to maintain, and thus language and print or electronic technology automoatically system.

In his discussion of Hegel, the philosopher Slavoj žižek argues that "Hegel – to use modern terms – a unique thinker autopoesis, the emergence of the necessary functions of a chaotic emergency, the thinker contingencys gradual self-organization, the gradual rise of order out of chaos".


2. Relation to complexity. (Отношению к сложности)

Autopoesis can be defined as the ratio between the complexity of the system and the complexity of its environment.

This is a generalized representation of autopoesis considers systems of own production not from the point of view of their physical components but from the point of view of his organization that can be measured in terms of information and complexity. In other words, we can describe automoatically system as those who produce more of their own complexity produced by their environment.


3. With respect to cognition. (С уважением к познанию)

A broad discussion in connection autopoesis to the knowledge provided by Thompson. The basic concept autopoiesis as involving constructive interaction with the environment distributed cognition. Originally, by the name of Maturana has defined cognition as the behavior of the organism ", pertaining to keeping yourself". However, computer models that are self-sustaining but non have been developed, therefore, some additional restrictions are necessary, and the proposal is that repair process to be cognitive, involves a reorganization of the internal operation of the system in some metabolic processes. On this basis, he argued that autopoiesis is a necessary but not sufficient condition for cognition. Thompson p. 127 believes that this distinction may or may not be fruitful, but most importantly, that living systems include autopoesis and if you need to add this knowledge. It may be noted that this definition of knowledge is limited, and does not necessarily entail awareness or consciousness of a living system.


4. Relation to consciousness. (Отношению к сознанию)

Connection autopoiesis to knowledge, or, if necessary, of living systems to cognition, is an objective assessment determined by observation of a living system.

One question arises about the relationship between cognition seen in this image and consciousness. The separation of cognition and consciousness recognizes that the body may not know about the substrate, where decisions are made. What is the connection between these worlds? Thompson refers to this issue as "explanatory gap", and one of the aspects of it is the hard problem of consciousness, how and why we have qualia.

The second issue is that autopoiesis can provide a bridge between these concepts. Thompson discusses this question from the standpoint of enactivism. In automoatically cells actively relates to its environment. His sensory reactions to cause motor behavior is regulated by autopoesis, and such behavior, he argued, is a simplified version of the nervous system behavior. Further the claim that interaction in real time, as it requires attention, and the implication of attention of consciousness.


5. Criticism. (Критика)

There are some critical comments about the use of the term in its original context, as an attempt to define and explain, and her various purposes, such as applying it to self-organizing systems in General and social systems in particular. Critics have argued that the concept and his theory is unable to define or explain living systems and that, due to the extreme language of self-referentiality it uses without any external reference, it is really an attempt to give a rationale for Maturanas radical constructivist or solipsistic epistemology, or what Danilo Zolo has called instead a "desolate theology". An example is the adoption of Maturana and Varela that "we do not see, we do not see and what we cannot see does not exist." In automoatically model, said Rod Swenson, is "miraculously separated from the physical world with his grandparents. and, thus, is based on a solipsistic Foundation that flies in the face of common sense and scientific knowledge".

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The primordial forms of autopoiesis: It is self assemblage all the way.

The contribution of the theory of autopoiesis to the definition of life and biological theory affirms biological autonomy as a central notion of scientific. Autopoiesis in digital learning design MIT Press Journals. In this paper I argue that aspects of Deweyan pragmatism can and should be reconstructed in light of work in biological systems research. Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varelas Contribution to Media. Autopoiesis, or self production, is a concept introduced in the 1970s by the biologists Maturana and Varela to differentiate the living from the nonliving. Reflexivity: Hayles on Cybernetics and Autopoiesis Catherine. The term autopoiesis refers to a system capable of reproducing and maintaining itself. The original definition can be found in Autopoiesis and Cognition: the Realization of the Living: Page 16: It was. Autopoiesis on Vimeo. Abstract. The theory of autopoiesis is meant to answer two questions: what is a living system? and what is cognition? Before a scientific. Autopoiesis and Cognition Semantic Scholar. Competition: weve teamed up with Zaha Hadid Architects to offer our readers the chance to win one of five copies of The Autopoiesis of.

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Autopoiesis at Kantine am Berghain, Berlin RA.

The aim of the paper is to review critically the notion of autopoiesis as presented by Maturana and Varela. In particular, recognizing that there. Autopoiesis Leonardo Bich. Autopoiesis in digital learning design: Theoretical implications in education. Claudio Aguayo1. 1Auckland University of Technology yo@.​nz. AUTOPOIESIS AND SOCIAL SYSTEMS International Journal of. Autopoiesis was introduced into the literature by Maturana and Varela as the name for a particular system description which they claimed was necessary and. Autopoiesis, Luhmann, Spencer Brown Organisational Identity and. Autopoiesis, is a series of fifteen musical and robotic artificial life sculptures that interact with the public and modify their behaviours based on the both the.

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From autopoiesis to neurophenomenology: Francisco Varelas exploration of the biophysics of being. DAVID RUDRAUF, ANTOINE LUTZ, DIEGO COSMELLI,. Autopoiesis by on Prezi. This is a bold, brilliant, provocative and puzzling work. It demands a radical shift in standpoint, an almost paradoxical posture in which living systems are. Autopoiesis pedia. Продолжительность: 5:03. Autopoiesis: Critique of a Postmodern Paradigm Telos Press. This is the theory behind autopoiesis and self organization. Luhmann attempted to apply Maturana and Varelas notion of autopoiesis to social systems.

Autopoiesis and how hyper connectivity is literally bringing the.

To show this I drew on the literature on autopoiesis, which was proposed as a new way of understanding the nature of life, and wrote a lengthy. AUIOPOIESIS: THE ORGANIZATION OF LIVING SYSTEMS, ITS. And not only that: Margulis would go on to treat Gaia theory as autopoietic systems theory and to incorporate the concept of autopoiesis into a. Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living by. The notion of identity remains for Kant forever transcendental Autopoiesis and Cognition Maturana would have done better to say unity instead of identity. From autopoiesis to neurophenomenology Brain Imaging The field of Reflexive Computation, traces the history of reflexivity across different social issues and mediums, up to the computational culture that we experience.

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