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Theophilus I of Jerusalem

Theophilus I of Jerusalem was the patriarch of the Church of Jerusalem from 1012 to 1020. Theophilus was Bishop of Hibal before being appointed Patriarch of Jerusalem al Moufarridj Ibn al-Djarrah, the Governor of Syria. The appointment came under ...

                                               

Timotheus I of Jerusalem

                                               

Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus

The Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus, also known as the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia, is the official title of the Bishop of Moscow who is the primate of the Russian Orthodox Church. It is often preceded by the honorific "His Holiness". Whil ...

                                               

Pope Christodoulos of Alexandria

Pope Christodoulos of Alexandria, 66th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He joined the Paromeos monastery in the nitrian desert before becoming a Pope. During his stay in Cairo became the fixed and official residence of the ...

                                               

Pope Cosmas II of Alexandria

                                               

Pope Cosmas III of Alexandria

Pope Cosmas III of Alexandria was the Coptic Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. According to the history of the patriarchs of Alexandria, after Abuna Peter of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church has been embroiled in civil war and ...

                                               

Pope Cyril II of Alexandria

Pope Cyril II of Alexandria, 67th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Patriarch Cyril attempted to ordain a properly consecrated Bishop of the new Abuna of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, but Badr al-Jamali, the vizier of the ...

                                               

Pope Gabriel I of Alexandria

                                               

Pope Jacob of Alexandria

Pope James of Alexandria was the 50th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Pope Jacob ordained Abuna Yohannes as the head of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, history of the patriarchs of Alexandria, however, the civil war, droug ...

                                               

Pope John IV of Alexandria

Pope John IV of Alexandria, 48th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He became a monk in the monastery of Macarius. He stood tense of worship and was known for his ascetic life. He was elected Pope Michael, 46th Pope of Alexa ...

                                               

Pope Joseph I of Alexandria

Saint Joseph I of Alexandria, 52nd Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He was the son of one of the richest nobles of Menouf, Egypt. After the death of his parents, some worshippers raised it. As an adult, he gave most of his ...

                                               

Pope Macarius II of Alexandria

Pope Macarius II of Alexandria, the 69th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He is commemorated in the Calendar of Saints of the Coptic Church on 4 Thout. Pope Macarius II was pious and ascetic since his young age, and longed ...

                                               

Pope Mark II of Alexandria

Pope Mark II of Alexandria, 49th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Not to be confused with Markianos of Alexandria also called "Mark II" by those in the Greek Church of Alexandria.

                                               

Pope Michael I of Alexandria

Pope Michael I of Alexandria was the 46th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark from 743 to 767. Bishop Moses in Awsim has played an important role in the organization of the elections of Michael as the Patriarch of a compromise ...

                                               

Pope Michael II of Alexandria

                                               

Pope Mina I of Alexandria

                                               

Pope Mina II of Alexandria

                                               

Pope Philotheos of Alexandria

Pope Philotheos of Alexandria, was the 63rd Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He was in his office that a conflict between Alexandria and the King of Axum, which began in the time of Cosmas III ended, helped by the efforts ...

                                               

Pope Shenouda II of Alexandria

                                               

Pope Theodoros I of Alexandria

Pope Theodoros I of Alexandria, also known as St. Theodorus, was the 45th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. He was a monk in a monastery near Mariout, which was known as the monastery of Tanboura, under the guidance of a vi ...

                                               

Pope Theophilus II of Alexandria

                                               

Abraham of Kashkar

Abraham of Kashkar was a legendary primate of the Church of the East, from the family of Jacob, the brother of Jesus, who is conventionally believed to have sat from 159 to 171. There are historical doubts about his existence by later scholars of ...

                                               

Abris

Abris, also called Abres, Abrosius and Abrisius, was a legendary Bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon in Persia, who is conventionally said to have sat from 121–137. He is said to have been from the family of Saint Joseph, the adoptive father of Jesus. A ...

                                               

Ahadabui

Ahadabui was a legendary primate of the Church of the East, who is conventionally believed to have sat from 204 to 220.

                                               

Denha II

Denha II was patriarch of the Church of the East from 1336/7 to 1381/2. Although no history of his reign has survived, references in a number of Nestorian, Jacobite and Moslem sources provide some details of his patriarchate.

                                               

Giwargis I

The following account of Giwargiss patriarchate is given by Bar Hebraeus: At that time there died Isho ʿ yahb III, the catholicus of the Nestorians, who have succeeded in Seleucia Giwargis his student. He toured the regions in an effort to restor ...

                                               

Shahlufa

Shahlufa was a legendary primate of the Church of the East, who is conventionally believed to have reigned from 220 to 224 A.D. Although Shahlufa included in traditional lists of primates of the Church of the East, his existence has been doubted ...

                                               

Sliba-zkha

The following account of Sliba-zkhas patriarchate is given by Bar Hebraeus: In catholicus Hnanishoʿ was succeeded by Sliba-Zha, who was consecrated at Seleucia. He was of Karka dPiroz, which is now called Karkani, in the region of Tirhan. He took ...

                                               

Timothy II (Nestorian patriarch)

Timothy II was Patriarch of the Church of the East from 1318 to ca. 1352. He became leader of the church at a time of profound external stress due to loss of favor with the Mongol rulers of Persia. Eleven bishops were present at the ordination of ...

                                               

Yaqob I

Yaʿqob I was a legendary primate of the Church of the East, from the family of Joseph the carpenter, who is conventionally believed to have reigned c. 190. Although Yaʿqob is included in traditional lists of primates of the Church of the East, hi ...

                                               

Gaza Crisis

                                               

Lifeline 3

Lifeline 3, or in full Viva Palestina - a lifeline to Gaza, 3 was a convoy carrying humanitarian aid, solidarity, and a political message. It was led by George Galloway and Viva Palestina, a British charity. It travelled from the United Kingdom t ...

                                               

Sons of Zouari

The Sons of Zouari are a militant group in Gaza who claim to be responsible for launching incendiary kites and incendiary balloons into Israel causing damage to fields and land, during the 2018 Gaza border protests. The groups name is a reference ...

                                               

Abrahams House

Abrahams House was the name once given to a ruined structure at Ramet-el-Khulil near Hebron. It was identified as the spot where the Biblical character Abraham pitched his tent beneath the oak of Mamre. This oak was for centuries venerated as an ...

                                               

Demographics of the West Bank

                                               

Ministry of Awqaf and Religious Affairs (Palestine)

                                               

Armenians in Nakhchivan

Armenians had a historic presence in Nakhchivan. According to an Armenian tradition, Nakhchivan was founded by Noah, of the Abrahamic religions. During the Soviet era, Nakhchivan saw a significant demographic shift. The Armenian population saw a ...

                                               

Johannes de Galonifontibus

Johannes de Galonifontibus was a Dominican friar who was nominated Bishop of Nakhchivān in the South Caucasus in March 1377. In August 1398, Johannes was made Archbishop of Sultaniya, hence his other name, Jean of Sultaniya. In 1402, after his vi ...

                                               

Syktyvkar

Syktyvkar is the capital city of the Komi Republic, Russia. Population: 235.006, 230.011, 232.117. Previously it was known as Ust-Sysolsk until 1930.

                                               

Yoshkar-Ola

Yoshkar-Ola is the capital city of the Mari El Republic, Russia. Yoshkar-Ola means Red city in Mari and was formerly known as Tsarevokokshaisk Tsaryovokokshaysk before 1919 and Krasnokokshaysk Krasnokokshaisk between 1919 and 1927, both in honor ...

                                               

Emblem of the Karakalpak Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

The first Constitution of the Karakalpak ASSR was adopted on December 21, 1934, by the 2nd Congress of Soviets of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, according to which the state emblem of the republic consisted of images on a red backgroun ...

                                               

Politics of the Soviet Union

The political system of the Soviet Union took place in a single-party socialist republic framework which was characterized by the superior role of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the only party permitted by the Constitution. For informat ...

                                               

History of Czechoslovakia

With the collapse of the Habsburg monarchy at the end of World War I, the independent country of Czechoslovakia was formed as a result of the critical intervention of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, among others. The Czechs and Slovaks were not at ...

                                               

Operation Border Stone

Operation Border Stone, also known as Operation Kamen was an operation of the intelligence services of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic during the Cold War, lasting from 1948 to 1951. According to some sources, the operation continued until 19 ...

                                               

Hrad (politics)

The term Hrad is used as shorthand for the political groups that were centered on the President of Czechoslovakia, and later President of the Czech Republic. The first President of Czechoslovakia, Tomas Masaryk, had very limited formal powers, su ...

                                               

Ghibellines

                                               

President of Polands Football Cup

President of Polands Football Cup was an annual football competition, taking place in the Second Polish Republic in the years 1936–1939. It was sponsored by President Ignacy Moscicki, and unlike todays Polish Cup, it did not feature clubs. Instea ...

                                               

Capital city of Warsaw (1919–1939)

In interbellum Poland, Warsaw was not only the capital of the Warszawa Voivodeship, but also it was a voivodeship itself, called" Miasto stoleczne Warszawa ”. With the area of 141 km 2. and population of 1 179 500 it was considered a separate uni ...

                                               

Lucius Sicinius Vellutus

Lucius Sicinius Vellutus was a leading plebeian in ancient Rome, of the gens Sicinia In 494 and 493 BC, in a period of intense popular discontent, Sicinius proposed that the plebeians should separate from Rome and set up camp on the Mons Sacer. T ...

                                               

Picentes

The name Picentes or Picentini refers to the population of Picenum, on the northern Adriatic coastal plain of ancient Italy. Their endonym, if any, is not known for certain. There is linguistic evidence that the Picentini comprised two different ...