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Leptotyphlopidae by taxonomic synonyms

                                               

Typhlopidae by taxonomic synonyms

                                               

CED9 (gene)

Cell death abnormality gene 9, also known as apoptosis regulator CED-9, is a gene found in Caenorhabditis elegans that inhibits/represses programmed cell death. The gene was discovered while searching for mutations in the apoptotic pathway after ...

                                               

Sel-12

The Caenorhabditis elegans sel-12 gene encodes a multi-pass transmembrane domain protein that is similar to human presenilin. sel-12 positively regulates the lin-12 and glp-1 Notch signaling pathways during hermaphrodite gonadal, vulval, and germ ...

                                               

Tc1 transposon

                                               

Tc3 transposon

                                               

HhMAN1

HhMAN1 is a gene in the genome of Hypothenemus hampei, a.k.a. Coffee borer beetle, which codes for mannanase, an enzyme used to digest galactomannan, a complex polysaccharide that is found in coffee beans. Because mannanase is not commonly found ...

                                               

Drosophila melanogaster genes

                                               

M33 (gene)

M33 is a gene. It is a mammalian homologue of Drosophila Polycomb. It localises to euchromatin within interphase nuclei, but it is enriched within the centromeric heterochromatin of metaphase chromosomes. In mice, the official symbol of M33 gene ...

                                               

MYH16 gene

The MYH16 gene encodes a protein called myosin heavy chain 16, which is a muscle protein in mammals. At least in primates, it is a specialized muscle protein found only in the temporalis and masseter muscles of the jaw. Myosin heavy chain protein ...

                                               

Mouse genes

                                               

Drosophila melanogaster genetics

                                               

Cat genetics

                                               

Chelicerae

The chelicerae are the mouthparts of the Chelicerata, an arthropod group that includes arachnids, horseshoe crabs, and sea spiders. Commonly referred to as "jaws", some chelicerae, such as those found in spiders, are hollow and contain venom glan ...

                                               

Chilaria

                                               

Metastoma

                                               

Opisthosoma

The opisthosoma is the posterior part of the body in some arthropods, behind the prosoma. It is a distinctive feature of the subphylum Chelicerata. Although it is similar in most respects to an abdomen, the opisthosoma is differentiated by its in ...

                                               

Peltidium

Peltidium is a prodorsal shield found in animals of the Subphylum Chelicerata, in the Phylum Arthropoda. In some groups the peltidium, also known as schizopeltid, can be subdivided in: propeltidium, a carapace-like shield that covers the proteros ...

                                               

Thoracetron

                                               

Brood pouch (Peracarida)

The marsupium or brood pouch, is a characteristic feature of Peracarida, including the orders Amphipoda, Isopoda, Cladocera, and Cumacea. It is an egg chamber formed by oostegites, which are appendages that are attached to the coxae of the first ...

                                               

Caudal ramus

The caudal ramus is a characteristic feature of primitive crustaceans. Located on the anal somite, the caudal ramus is a pair of appendage-like or spine-like protrusions. Specific structures which are rod or blade-like are referred to as caudal f ...

                                               

Decapod anatomy

The decapod crustacean, such as a crab, lobster, shrimp or prawn, is made up of 20 body segments grouped into two main body parts, the cephalothorax and the pleon. Each segment may possess one pair of appendages, although in various groups these ...

                                               

Hepatic caecum

Hepatic caecum or hepatic cecum is a name used in describing various physiological structures in some crustaceans, insects and cephalochordates. "Hepatic" refers to the liver, and the hepatic caecum may perform some functions that are analogous t ...

                                               

Stomatogastric ganglion

The stomatogastric ganglion is a much studied ganglion found in arthropods and studied extensively in decapod crustaceans. It is part of the stomatogastric nervous system.

                                               

Uropod

Uropods are often defined as the appendages of the last body segment of a crustacean. An alternative definition suggested by Frederick R. Schram restricts the term to those structures arising from the segment before the anal segment the segment w ...

                                               

Anal cell

Anal cells are rear components of the insect wings, found for example in Diptera. A cell, in the case of an insect wing, is the central area surrounded by veins. It can be closed by veins or open.

                                               

Arista (insect anatomy)

In insect anatomy the arista is a simple or variously modified apical or subapical bristle, arising from the third antennal segment. It is the evolutionary remains of antennal segments, and may sometimes show signs of segmentation. These segments ...

                                               

Bacteriome

A bacteriome is a specialized organ, found mainly in some insects, that hosts endosymbiotic bacteria. Bacteriomes contain specialized cells, called bacteriocytes, that provide nutrients and shelter to the bacteria while protecting the host animal ...

                                               

Biological screw joint

The biological screw joint is a naturally occurring form of the screw joint, a mechanical device that combines rotational movement with single-axis translation. Alexander Riedel of the State Museum of Natural History Karlsruhe and Thomas van de K ...

                                               

Blood gill

A blood gill is a gill like structure restricted to organs with spacious lumen and poorly developed/absent trachea, found in larvae of aquatic insects. Specific research questions the functionality of this gill to respiration, and concludes it ex ...

                                               

Brochosome

Brochosomes are intricately structured microscopic granules secreted by leafhoppers and typically found on their body surface and, more rarely, eggs. Brochosomes were first described in 1952 with the aid of an electron microscope. Brochosomes are ...

                                               

Calypter

A calypter is either of two posterior lobes of the posterior margin of the forewing of flies between the extreme posterior wing base and the alula, which covers the halteres. The lower calypter is the proximal calypter synonyms: squama of some au ...

                                               

Cenchrus (insect anatomy)

The cenchrus is a specialized anatomical structure in the insect group known as sawflies. The cenchri are small blister-like lobes on the metanotum of these insects, just posterior to the mesothoracic scutellum, shaped and positioned in such a wa ...

                                               

Cervix (insect anatomy)

The cervix in insects is a membrane that separates the head from the thorax and is composed of structures from both of these. A pair of lateral cervical sclerites are embedded in the cervix.

                                               

Clypeus (arthropod anatomy)

The clypeus is one of the sclerites that make up the "face" of an arthropod. In insects, the clypeus delimits the lower margin of the face, with the labrum articulated along the ventral margin of the clypeus. The mandibles bracket the labrum, but ...

                                               

Corium (entomology)

The corium is the thickened, leathery, basal portion of an insect forewing or hemelytron in the order hemiptera. Specifically the inner cell of the basal portion is the corium. The forewings of the winged aquatic bugs are modified into hemelytra ...

                                               

Cornicle

The cornicle is one of a pair of small upright backward-pointing tubes found on the dorsal side of the 5th or 6th abdominal segments of aphids. They are sometimes mistaken for cerci. They are no more than pores in some species. These abdominal tu ...

                                               

Cryptonephridium

In insect anatomy, a cryptonephridium is a structure present in most larval Lepidoptera and in other insects inhabiting relatively arid environments. The Malpighian tubules are not free in the hemocele but are bound to the wall of the rectum by t ...

                                               

Cucullus

Cucullus may refer to: a synonym for Conus, the cone snails, a genus of predatory sea snails a Latin word referring to a hood of a garment, as in cucullus non facit monachum The hood does not make the monk a substructure of the valva, a structure ...

                                               

Morphology of Diptera

The Diptera is a very large and diverse order of mostly small to medium-sized insects. They have prominent compound eyes on a mobile head, and one pair of functional, membraneous wings, which are attached to a complex mesothorax. The second pair ...

                                               

Elytron

An elytron is a modified, hardened forewing of certain insect orders, notably beetles and a few of the true bugs ; in most true bugs, the forewings are instead called hemelytra, as only the basal half is thickened while the apex is membranous. An ...

                                               

Exuviae

In biology, exuviae are the remains of an exoskeleton and related structures that are left after ecdysozoans have moulted. The exuviae of an animal can be important to biologists as they can often be used to identify the species of the animal and ...

                                               

Gaster (insect anatomy)

The gaster is the bulbous posterior portion of the metasoma found in hymenopterans of the suborder Apocrita. This begins with abdominal segment III on most ants, but some make a constricted postpetiole out of segment III, in which case the gaster ...

                                               

Gnathos

                                               

Halteres

Halteres are a pair of small club-shaped organs on the body of two Orders of flying insects that provide information about body rotations during flight. Examples of insects with halteres are houseflies, mosquitoes, gnats, and craneflies. Halteres ...

                                               

Insect mouthparts

Insects have a range of mouthparts, adapted to particular modes of feeding. The earliest insects had chewing mouthparts. Specialization has mostly been for piercing and sucking, although a range of specializations exist, as these modes of feeding ...

                                               

Labellum (insect anatomy)

In entomology, the term labellum has been applied variously and in partly contradictory ways. One usage is in referring to a prolongation of the labrum that covers the base of the rostrum in certain Coleoptera and Hemiptera. In contrast, the comm ...

                                               

Lateral horn of insect brain

The lateral horn is one of the two areas of the insect brain where projection neurons of the antennal lobe send their axons. The other area is the mushroom body. Several morphological classes of neurons in the lateral horn receive olfactory infor ...

                                               

Mandible (insect mouthpart)

Insect mandibles are a pair of appendages near the insect’s mouth, and the most anterior of the three pairs of oral appendages. Their function is typically to grasp, crush, or cut the insect’s food, or to defend against predators or rivals. Insec ...

                                               

Mesothorax

The mesothorax is the middle of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the second pair of legs. Its principal sclerites are the mesonotum, the mesosternum, and the mesopleuron on each side. The mesothorax is the segment that bea ...

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